Technological aided assessment of the acutely ill patient - The case of postoperative complications

C. Haahr-Raunkjær, C. S. Meyhoff, H. B.D. Sørensen, Rasmus Munch Olsen, E. K. Aasvang

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Abstract

Surgical interventions come with complications and highly reported mortality after major surgery. The mortality may be a result of delayed detection of severe complications due to lower monitoring frequency in the general wards. Several studies have shown that continuous monitoring is superior to the manually intermittent recorded monitoring in terms of detecting abnormal physiological signs. Hopefully improved observations may result in earlier detection and clinical intervention. This narrative review will describe current monitoring possibilities for postoperative patients and how it may prevent complications.Several wireless systems are being developed for monitoring vital parameters, but many of these are not yet validated for critically ill patients. The ultimate goal with patient monitoring and detect of events is to prevent postoperative complications, death and costs in the health care system. A few studies indicate that monitoring systems detect deteriorating patients earlier than the nurses, and this was associated with less clinical instability.An important caveat of future devices is to assess their effect in relevant patient populations and not only in healthy test-subjects. Implementation of novel technologies is expensive although expected to be cost-effective if just few adverse events can be prevented. The future is here with promising devices and the possibility to give an unprecedented precise risk estimation of adverse post-surgical events. Next step is to integrate existing evidence based treatment algorithms to demonstrate the clinical efficacy of implementing the new technology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Number of pages5
ISSN0953-6205
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Internal Medicine
  • Continuous monitoring
  • Monitoring
  • Perioperative care
  • Postoperative complications
  • Technological

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