With increasing penetrations of wind generation, based on power-electronic converters, power systems are transitioning away from well-understood synchronous generator-based systems, with growing implications for their stability. Issues of concern will vary with system size, wind penetration level, geographical distribution and turbine type, network topology, electricity market structure, unit commitment procedures, and other factors. However, variable-speed wind turbines, both onshore and connected offshore through DC grids, offer many control opportunities to either replace or enhance existing capabilities. Achieving a complete understanding of future stability issues, and ensuring the effectiveness of new measures and policies, is an iterative procedure involving portfolio development and flexibility assessment, generation cost simulations, load flow, and security analysis, in addition to the stability analysis itself, while being supported by field demonstrations and real-world model validation.
Flynn, D., Rather, Z., Ardal, A., Darco, S., Hansen, A. D., Cutululis, N. A.
, ... Wang, Y. (2017). Technical impacts of high penetration levels of wind power on power system stability
. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment
(2), [e216]. https://doi.org/10.1002/wene.216