Technical and Economic Working Domains of Industrial Heat Pumps: Part 1 - Vapour Compression Heat Pumps

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Abstract

A large amount of operational and economic constraints limit the applicability of heat pumps operated with natural working fluids. The limitations are highly dependent on the integration of heat source and sink streams. An evaluation of feasible operating conditions is carried out considering the constraints of available refrigeration equipment and a requirement of a positive Net Present Value of the investment. The considered sink outlet temperature range is from 40 °C to 140 °C, but for the heat pumps considered in this paper, the upper limit is 100 °C. Five heat pumps are studied. For each set of heat sink and source temperatures the optimal solution is determined. At low sink temperature glide R717 heat pumps show best performance, while at higher sink glide transcritical R744 may become important. In a second paper, the results of the VCHP are compared to a similar study considering the ammonia-water absorption-compression heat pump.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 11th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants
Number of pages8
PublisherChinese Association of Refrigeration
Publication date2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event11th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants - Hangzhou, China
Duration: 31 Aug 20142 Sep 2014
Conference number: 11
http://www.gl2014.org/en/index.asp

Conference

Conference11th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants
Number11
CountryChina
CityHangzhou
Period31/08/201402/09/2014
Internet address

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