Target species selection criteria for risk assessment based exemptions of ballast water management requirements

Stephan Gollasch*, Matej David, Katja Broeg, Susanne Heitmüller, Miina Karjalainen, Maiju Lehtiniemi, Monika Normant-Saremba, Henn Ojaveer, Sergej Olenin, Marta Ruiz, Markus Helavuori, Manuel Sala-Pérez, Solvita Strake

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The Ballast Water Management Convention adopted at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) allows exemptions from ballast water management requirements. These exemptions may be granted when a risk assessment results in an acceptable low risk scenario. IMO has adopted a guideline describing different risk assessment approaches (G7 Guidelines, 2017). One approach is a species-specific risk assessment in which so called target species (TS) become important. TS are species that meet specific criteria indicating that they may impair or damage the environment, human health, property or resources and they are defined for a specific port, State or biogeographic region. The guidelines continue to describe general TS selection criteria, which include the species relationship with ballast water as a transport vector, their impact type and severeness, evidence of prior introduction(s), and its current distribution. However, the G7 Guidelines lack details how these criteria are to be defined. This paper presents the TS selection criteria developed during the EU-Interreg Baltic Sea Region COMPLETE project (Completing Management Options in the Baltic Sea Region to Reduce Risk of Invasive Species Introduction by Shipping), including explanations on what ballast water relationship means, which impact threshold is eligible to identify a TS, as well as why prior introductions and the current species distribution are relevant in that context. It was concluded that TS lists need to be regularly reviewed and that the described TS selection criteria may be also adopted elsewhere when planning species-specific risk assessments for exemptions from ballast water management requirements.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105021
JournalOcean & Coastal Management
Volume183
Number of pages7
ISSN0964-5691
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Cite this

Gollasch, S., David, M., Broeg, K., Heitmüller, S., Karjalainen, M., Lehtiniemi, M., ... Strake, S. (2020). Target species selection criteria for risk assessment based exemptions of ballast water management requirements. Ocean & Coastal Management, 183, [105021]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.105021
Gollasch, Stephan ; David, Matej ; Broeg, Katja ; Heitmüller, Susanne ; Karjalainen, Miina ; Lehtiniemi, Maiju ; Normant-Saremba, Monika ; Ojaveer, Henn ; Olenin, Sergej ; Ruiz, Marta ; Helavuori, Markus ; Sala-Pérez, Manuel ; Strake, Solvita. / Target species selection criteria for risk assessment based exemptions of ballast water management requirements. In: Ocean & Coastal Management. 2020 ; Vol. 183.
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abstract = "The Ballast Water Management Convention adopted at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) allows exemptions from ballast water management requirements. These exemptions may be granted when a risk assessment results in an acceptable low risk scenario. IMO has adopted a guideline describing different risk assessment approaches (G7 Guidelines, 2017). One approach is a species-specific risk assessment in which so called target species (TS) become important. TS are species that meet specific criteria indicating that they may impair or damage the environment, human health, property or resources and they are defined for a specific port, State or biogeographic region. The guidelines continue to describe general TS selection criteria, which include the species relationship with ballast water as a transport vector, their impact type and severeness, evidence of prior introduction(s), and its current distribution. However, the G7 Guidelines lack details how these criteria are to be defined. This paper presents the TS selection criteria developed during the EU-Interreg Baltic Sea Region COMPLETE project (Completing Management Options in the Baltic Sea Region to Reduce Risk of Invasive Species Introduction by Shipping), including explanations on what ballast water relationship means, which impact threshold is eligible to identify a TS, as well as why prior introductions and the current species distribution are relevant in that context. It was concluded that TS lists need to be regularly reviewed and that the described TS selection criteria may be also adopted elsewhere when planning species-specific risk assessments for exemptions from ballast water management requirements.",
author = "Stephan Gollasch and Matej David and Katja Broeg and Susanne Heitm{\"u}ller and Miina Karjalainen and Maiju Lehtiniemi and Monika Normant-Saremba and Henn Ojaveer and Sergej Olenin and Marta Ruiz and Markus Helavuori and Manuel Sala-P{\'e}rez and Solvita Strake",
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Gollasch, S, David, M, Broeg, K, Heitmüller, S, Karjalainen, M, Lehtiniemi, M, Normant-Saremba, M, Ojaveer, H, Olenin, S, Ruiz, M, Helavuori, M, Sala-Pérez, M & Strake, S 2020, 'Target species selection criteria for risk assessment based exemptions of ballast water management requirements', Ocean & Coastal Management, vol. 183, 105021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.105021

Target species selection criteria for risk assessment based exemptions of ballast water management requirements. / Gollasch, Stephan; David, Matej; Broeg, Katja; Heitmüller, Susanne; Karjalainen, Miina; Lehtiniemi, Maiju; Normant-Saremba, Monika; Ojaveer, Henn; Olenin, Sergej; Ruiz, Marta; Helavuori, Markus; Sala-Pérez, Manuel; Strake, Solvita.

In: Ocean & Coastal Management, Vol. 183, 105021, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Target species selection criteria for risk assessment based exemptions of ballast water management requirements

AU - Gollasch, Stephan

AU - David, Matej

AU - Broeg, Katja

AU - Heitmüller, Susanne

AU - Karjalainen, Miina

AU - Lehtiniemi, Maiju

AU - Normant-Saremba, Monika

AU - Ojaveer, Henn

AU - Olenin, Sergej

AU - Ruiz, Marta

AU - Helavuori, Markus

AU - Sala-Pérez, Manuel

AU - Strake, Solvita

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - The Ballast Water Management Convention adopted at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) allows exemptions from ballast water management requirements. These exemptions may be granted when a risk assessment results in an acceptable low risk scenario. IMO has adopted a guideline describing different risk assessment approaches (G7 Guidelines, 2017). One approach is a species-specific risk assessment in which so called target species (TS) become important. TS are species that meet specific criteria indicating that they may impair or damage the environment, human health, property or resources and they are defined for a specific port, State or biogeographic region. The guidelines continue to describe general TS selection criteria, which include the species relationship with ballast water as a transport vector, their impact type and severeness, evidence of prior introduction(s), and its current distribution. However, the G7 Guidelines lack details how these criteria are to be defined. This paper presents the TS selection criteria developed during the EU-Interreg Baltic Sea Region COMPLETE project (Completing Management Options in the Baltic Sea Region to Reduce Risk of Invasive Species Introduction by Shipping), including explanations on what ballast water relationship means, which impact threshold is eligible to identify a TS, as well as why prior introductions and the current species distribution are relevant in that context. It was concluded that TS lists need to be regularly reviewed and that the described TS selection criteria may be also adopted elsewhere when planning species-specific risk assessments for exemptions from ballast water management requirements.

AB - The Ballast Water Management Convention adopted at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) allows exemptions from ballast water management requirements. These exemptions may be granted when a risk assessment results in an acceptable low risk scenario. IMO has adopted a guideline describing different risk assessment approaches (G7 Guidelines, 2017). One approach is a species-specific risk assessment in which so called target species (TS) become important. TS are species that meet specific criteria indicating that they may impair or damage the environment, human health, property or resources and they are defined for a specific port, State or biogeographic region. The guidelines continue to describe general TS selection criteria, which include the species relationship with ballast water as a transport vector, their impact type and severeness, evidence of prior introduction(s), and its current distribution. However, the G7 Guidelines lack details how these criteria are to be defined. This paper presents the TS selection criteria developed during the EU-Interreg Baltic Sea Region COMPLETE project (Completing Management Options in the Baltic Sea Region to Reduce Risk of Invasive Species Introduction by Shipping), including explanations on what ballast water relationship means, which impact threshold is eligible to identify a TS, as well as why prior introductions and the current species distribution are relevant in that context. It was concluded that TS lists need to be regularly reviewed and that the described TS selection criteria may be also adopted elsewhere when planning species-specific risk assessments for exemptions from ballast water management requirements.

U2 - 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.105021

DO - 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.105021

M3 - Journal article

VL - 183

JO - Ocean & Coastal Management

JF - Ocean & Coastal Management

SN - 0964-5691

M1 - 105021

ER -