Tar Removal from Biomass Producer Gas by Using Biochar

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Abstract

The biomass-derived char (biochar) produced in the gasifier as a residue, is a potential solution for removing tars from producer gas. This work investigates the interaction between tar compounds and biochar. Residual biochar from a TwoStage gasifier was tested as bed material in a laboratory setup. Phenol and naphthalene were chosen as model tars, and entrained in a nitrogen flow. The gaseous stream was sampled before and after the biochar bed to evaluate the extent of conversion. The biochar bed (30g) was tested at 250°C, 500°C and 600°C, with for 3 consecutive hours. The compounds concentration in the gas phase was quantified by stable isotope dilution analysis, using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Results showed a significant effect of biochar on the removal of phenol, at all temperatures. Naphthalene was removed less efficiently at higher temperature, and this trend was even more visible with a smaller char bed (17g). The characterization of the residual biochar from the TwoStage gasifier showed high carbon content and a specific surface area comparable with active carbon. Scanning Electron Microscopy revealed that the wood structure is largely maintained in the biochar particles, and the main inorganic components are calcium, potassium and silicon in form of oxides.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies
Publication date2017
Pages473-477
ISBN (Electronic)978-88-89407-17-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition - Stockholmsmässan, Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 12 Jun 201715 Jun 2017

Conference

Conference25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
LocationStockholmsmässan
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period12/06/201715/06/2017

Keywords

  • Gas cleaning
  • Gasification
  • Tar removal
  • Biochar

Cite this

Ravenni, G., Henriksen, U. B., Ahrenfeldt, J., & Sárossy, Z. (2017). Tar Removal from Biomass Producer Gas by Using Biochar. In Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (pp. 473-477). ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. https://doi.org/10.5071/25thEUBCE2017-2BO.14.2
Ravenni, Giulia ; Henriksen, Ulrik Birk ; Ahrenfeldt, Jesper ; Sárossy, Zsuzsa . / Tar Removal from Biomass Producer Gas by Using Biochar. Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2017. pp. 473-477
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abstract = "The biomass-derived char (biochar) produced in the gasifier as a residue, is a potential solution for removing tars from producer gas. This work investigates the interaction between tar compounds and biochar. Residual biochar from a TwoStage gasifier was tested as bed material in a laboratory setup. Phenol and naphthalene were chosen as model tars, and entrained in a nitrogen flow. The gaseous stream was sampled before and after the biochar bed to evaluate the extent of conversion. The biochar bed (30g) was tested at 250°C, 500°C and 600°C, with for 3 consecutive hours. The compounds concentration in the gas phase was quantified by stable isotope dilution analysis, using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Results showed a significant effect of biochar on the removal of phenol, at all temperatures. Naphthalene was removed less efficiently at higher temperature, and this trend was even more visible with a smaller char bed (17g). The characterization of the residual biochar from the TwoStage gasifier showed high carbon content and a specific surface area comparable with active carbon. Scanning Electron Microscopy revealed that the wood structure is largely maintained in the biochar particles, and the main inorganic components are calcium, potassium and silicon in form of oxides.",
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Ravenni, G, Henriksen, UB, Ahrenfeldt, J & Sárossy, Z 2017, Tar Removal from Biomass Producer Gas by Using Biochar. in Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, pp. 473-477, 25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Stockholm, Sweden, 12/06/2017. https://doi.org/10.5071/25thEUBCE2017-2BO.14.2

Tar Removal from Biomass Producer Gas by Using Biochar. / Ravenni, Giulia; Henriksen, Ulrik Birk; Ahrenfeldt, Jesper; Sárossy, Zsuzsa .

Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2017. p. 473-477.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Tar Removal from Biomass Producer Gas by Using Biochar

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AU - Sárossy, Zsuzsa

PY - 2017

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N2 - The biomass-derived char (biochar) produced in the gasifier as a residue, is a potential solution for removing tars from producer gas. This work investigates the interaction between tar compounds and biochar. Residual biochar from a TwoStage gasifier was tested as bed material in a laboratory setup. Phenol and naphthalene were chosen as model tars, and entrained in a nitrogen flow. The gaseous stream was sampled before and after the biochar bed to evaluate the extent of conversion. The biochar bed (30g) was tested at 250°C, 500°C and 600°C, with for 3 consecutive hours. The compounds concentration in the gas phase was quantified by stable isotope dilution analysis, using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Results showed a significant effect of biochar on the removal of phenol, at all temperatures. Naphthalene was removed less efficiently at higher temperature, and this trend was even more visible with a smaller char bed (17g). The characterization of the residual biochar from the TwoStage gasifier showed high carbon content and a specific surface area comparable with active carbon. Scanning Electron Microscopy revealed that the wood structure is largely maintained in the biochar particles, and the main inorganic components are calcium, potassium and silicon in form of oxides.

AB - The biomass-derived char (biochar) produced in the gasifier as a residue, is a potential solution for removing tars from producer gas. This work investigates the interaction between tar compounds and biochar. Residual biochar from a TwoStage gasifier was tested as bed material in a laboratory setup. Phenol and naphthalene were chosen as model tars, and entrained in a nitrogen flow. The gaseous stream was sampled before and after the biochar bed to evaluate the extent of conversion. The biochar bed (30g) was tested at 250°C, 500°C and 600°C, with for 3 consecutive hours. The compounds concentration in the gas phase was quantified by stable isotope dilution analysis, using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Results showed a significant effect of biochar on the removal of phenol, at all temperatures. Naphthalene was removed less efficiently at higher temperature, and this trend was even more visible with a smaller char bed (17g). The characterization of the residual biochar from the TwoStage gasifier showed high carbon content and a specific surface area comparable with active carbon. Scanning Electron Microscopy revealed that the wood structure is largely maintained in the biochar particles, and the main inorganic components are calcium, potassium and silicon in form of oxides.

KW - Gas cleaning

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U2 - 10.5071/25thEUBCE2017-2BO.14.2

DO - 10.5071/25thEUBCE2017-2BO.14.2

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BT - Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition

PB - ETA-Florence Renewable Energies

ER -

Ravenni G, Henriksen UB, Ahrenfeldt J, Sárossy Z. Tar Removal from Biomass Producer Gas by Using Biochar. In Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. 2017. p. 473-477 https://doi.org/10.5071/25thEUBCE2017-2BO.14.2