Synthetic photoplethysmography (PPG) of the radial artery through parallelized Monte Carlo and its correlation to body mass index (BMI)

Tananant Boonya-ananta, Andres J. Rodriguez, Ajmal Ajmal, Vinh Nguyen Du Le, Anders K. Hansen, Joshua D. Hutcheson, Jessica C. Ramella-Roman*

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in the United States and obesity significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. The measurement of blood pressure (BP) is critical in monitoring and managing cardiovascular disease hence new wearable devices are being developed to make BP more accessible to physicians and patients. Several wearables utilize photoplethysmography from the wrist vasculature to derive BP assessment although many of these devices are still at the experimental stage. With the ultimate goal of supporting instrument development, we have developed a model of the photoplethysmographic waveform derived from the radial artery at the volar surface of the wrist. To do so we have utilized the relation between vessel biomechanics through Finite Element Method and Monte Carlo light transport model. The model shows similar features to that seen in PPG waveform captured using an off the shelf device. We observe the influence of body mass index on the PPG signal. A degradation the PPG signal of up to 40% in AC to DC signal ratio was thus observed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2570
    JournalScientific Reports
    Volume11
    Issue number1
    Number of pages11
    ISSN2045-2322
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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