Synthesis of CZTS Nanocrystals and Transformation into CZTSe

Sara Lena Josefin Engberg, Zhenggang Li, Jun Yan Lek, Yeng Ming Lam, Jørgen Schou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In this work, we present an alternative route to synthesize Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) and Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) nanocrystals in controlled proportions. Initially, CZTS nanocrystals are formed through a hot-injection method with oleylamine as the solvent. Thereafter, selenium dissolved in TOP (trioctylphosphine) is injected and a transformation from CZTS to CZTSe is observed to occur. Here we present a demonstration that the transformation is possible, a first view on how the morphology of the nanoparticles changes, and our results from optimizing the conversion ratio with respect to temperature. Our X-ray diffraction pattern proves that liquid conversion from CZTS to CZTSe is possible, and from transmission electron micrographs we see that the CZTSe particles are significantly larger than the CZTS nanoparticles prepared under equivalent conditions. Finally, we find that increasing the temperature results in a larger amount of conversion from CZTS to CZTSe after a fixed amount of time.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition
PublisherEU PVSEC
Publication date2014
Pages1844 - 1846
ISBN (Print)3-936338-34-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition - RAI Congress & Exhibition Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 22 Sep 201426 Sep 2014

Conference

Conference29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition
LocationRAI Congress & Exhibition Centre
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period22/09/201426/09/2014
SeriesEU PVSEC Proceedings
ISSN2196-100X

Cite this

Engberg, S. L. J., Li, Z., Lek, J. Y., Lam, Y. M., & Schou, J. (2014). Synthesis of CZTS Nanocrystals and Transformation into CZTSe. In Proceedings of the 29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (pp. 1844 - 1846). EU PVSEC. EU PVSEC Proceedings https://doi.org/10.4229/EUPVSEC20142014-3DV.2.42
Engberg, Sara Lena Josefin ; Li, Zhenggang ; Lek, Jun Yan ; Lam, Yeng Ming ; Schou, Jørgen. / Synthesis of CZTS Nanocrystals and Transformation into CZTSe. Proceedings of the 29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition. EU PVSEC, 2014. pp. 1844 - 1846 (EU PVSEC Proceedings).
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title = "Synthesis of CZTS Nanocrystals and Transformation into CZTSe",
abstract = "In this work, we present an alternative route to synthesize Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) and Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) nanocrystals in controlled proportions. Initially, CZTS nanocrystals are formed through a hot-injection method with oleylamine as the solvent. Thereafter, selenium dissolved in TOP (trioctylphosphine) is injected and a transformation from CZTS to CZTSe is observed to occur. Here we present a demonstration that the transformation is possible, a first view on how the morphology of the nanoparticles changes, and our results from optimizing the conversion ratio with respect to temperature. Our X-ray diffraction pattern proves that liquid conversion from CZTS to CZTSe is possible, and from transmission electron micrographs we see that the CZTSe particles are significantly larger than the CZTS nanoparticles prepared under equivalent conditions. Finally, we find that increasing the temperature results in a larger amount of conversion from CZTS to CZTSe after a fixed amount of time.",
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Engberg, SLJ, Li, Z, Lek, JY, Lam, YM & Schou, J 2014, Synthesis of CZTS Nanocrystals and Transformation into CZTSe. in Proceedings of the 29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition. EU PVSEC, EU PVSEC Proceedings, pp. 1844 - 1846, 29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition , Amsterdam, Netherlands, 22/09/2014. https://doi.org/10.4229/EUPVSEC20142014-3DV.2.42

Synthesis of CZTS Nanocrystals and Transformation into CZTSe. / Engberg, Sara Lena Josefin; Li, Zhenggang; Lek, Jun Yan; Lam, Yeng Ming; Schou, Jørgen.

Proceedings of the 29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition. EU PVSEC, 2014. p. 1844 - 1846 (EU PVSEC Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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AU - Schou, Jørgen

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N2 - In this work, we present an alternative route to synthesize Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) and Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) nanocrystals in controlled proportions. Initially, CZTS nanocrystals are formed through a hot-injection method with oleylamine as the solvent. Thereafter, selenium dissolved in TOP (trioctylphosphine) is injected and a transformation from CZTS to CZTSe is observed to occur. Here we present a demonstration that the transformation is possible, a first view on how the morphology of the nanoparticles changes, and our results from optimizing the conversion ratio with respect to temperature. Our X-ray diffraction pattern proves that liquid conversion from CZTS to CZTSe is possible, and from transmission electron micrographs we see that the CZTSe particles are significantly larger than the CZTS nanoparticles prepared under equivalent conditions. Finally, we find that increasing the temperature results in a larger amount of conversion from CZTS to CZTSe after a fixed amount of time.

AB - In this work, we present an alternative route to synthesize Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) and Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) nanocrystals in controlled proportions. Initially, CZTS nanocrystals are formed through a hot-injection method with oleylamine as the solvent. Thereafter, selenium dissolved in TOP (trioctylphosphine) is injected and a transformation from CZTS to CZTSe is observed to occur. Here we present a demonstration that the transformation is possible, a first view on how the morphology of the nanoparticles changes, and our results from optimizing the conversion ratio with respect to temperature. Our X-ray diffraction pattern proves that liquid conversion from CZTS to CZTSe is possible, and from transmission electron micrographs we see that the CZTSe particles are significantly larger than the CZTS nanoparticles prepared under equivalent conditions. Finally, we find that increasing the temperature results in a larger amount of conversion from CZTS to CZTSe after a fixed amount of time.

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Engberg SLJ, Li Z, Lek JY, Lam YM, Schou J. Synthesis of CZTS Nanocrystals and Transformation into CZTSe. In Proceedings of the 29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition. EU PVSEC. 2014. p. 1844 - 1846. (EU PVSEC Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.4229/EUPVSEC20142014-3DV.2.42