Synthesis by spark plasma sintering of a novel protonic/electronic conductor composite: BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ /Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3−δ (BCZY27/STN95)

Jason Fish, Sandrine Ricote, Filip Lenrick, L. Reine Wallenberg, Tim Holgate, Ryan O’Hayre, Nikolaos Bonanos

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A novel two-phase ceramic composite (cercer) material consisting of a solid solution of barium cerate and -zirconate doped with yttrium (BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ : BCZY27), together with niobium-doped strontium titanate (Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3−δ : STN95), has been synthesized by solid-state reaction and sintered conventionally (CS) at 1350–1500 °C, as well as by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 1300–1350 °C. CS samples were porous and exhibited high degrees of inter-phase reaction. Nickel oxide sintering aids did not improve CS sample density. In contrast, samples made by SPS were significantly denser (>95 %) and showed less reaction between phases. A pseudo-optimum SPS profile was developed, accounting for the effects of thermal expansion mismatch between BCZY27 and STN95. X-ray diffraction indicated secondary phases exist, but there was no indication of their presence at grain boundaries based on thorough study of these regions with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and selective area electron diffraction. We thus suggest that these phases are present as independent grains in the bulk. It is believed these secondary phases inhibit electronic conductivity in the composite.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume48
Issue number18
Pages (from-to)6177-6185
ISSN0022-2461
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this

Fish, Jason ; Ricote, Sandrine ; Lenrick, Filip ; Wallenberg, L. Reine ; Holgate, Tim ; O’Hayre, Ryan ; Bonanos, Nikolaos. / Synthesis by spark plasma sintering of a novel protonic/electronic conductor composite: BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ /Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3−δ (BCZY27/STN95). In: Journal of Materials Science. 2013 ; Vol. 48, No. 18. pp. 6177-6185.
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title = "Synthesis by spark plasma sintering of a novel protonic/electronic conductor composite: BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ /Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3−δ (BCZY27/STN95)",
abstract = "A novel two-phase ceramic composite (cercer) material consisting of a solid solution of barium cerate and -zirconate doped with yttrium (BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ : BCZY27), together with niobium-doped strontium titanate (Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3−δ : STN95), has been synthesized by solid-state reaction and sintered conventionally (CS) at 1350–1500 °C, as well as by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 1300–1350 °C. CS samples were porous and exhibited high degrees of inter-phase reaction. Nickel oxide sintering aids did not improve CS sample density. In contrast, samples made by SPS were significantly denser (>95 {\%}) and showed less reaction between phases. A pseudo-optimum SPS profile was developed, accounting for the effects of thermal expansion mismatch between BCZY27 and STN95. X-ray diffraction indicated secondary phases exist, but there was no indication of their presence at grain boundaries based on thorough study of these regions with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and selective area electron diffraction. We thus suggest that these phases are present as independent grains in the bulk. It is believed these secondary phases inhibit electronic conductivity in the composite.",
author = "Jason Fish and Sandrine Ricote and Filip Lenrick and Wallenberg, {L. Reine} and Tim Holgate and Ryan O’Hayre and Nikolaos Bonanos",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1007/s10853-013-7414-6",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "6177--6185",
journal = "Journal of Materials Science",
issn = "0022-2461",
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Synthesis by spark plasma sintering of a novel protonic/electronic conductor composite: BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ /Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3−δ (BCZY27/STN95). / Fish, Jason; Ricote, Sandrine; Lenrick, Filip; Wallenberg, L. Reine; Holgate, Tim; O’Hayre, Ryan; Bonanos, Nikolaos.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 48, No. 18, 2013, p. 6177-6185.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis by spark plasma sintering of a novel protonic/electronic conductor composite: BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ /Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3−δ (BCZY27/STN95)

AU - Fish, Jason

AU - Ricote, Sandrine

AU - Lenrick, Filip

AU - Wallenberg, L. Reine

AU - Holgate, Tim

AU - O’Hayre, Ryan

AU - Bonanos, Nikolaos

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - A novel two-phase ceramic composite (cercer) material consisting of a solid solution of barium cerate and -zirconate doped with yttrium (BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ : BCZY27), together with niobium-doped strontium titanate (Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3−δ : STN95), has been synthesized by solid-state reaction and sintered conventionally (CS) at 1350–1500 °C, as well as by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 1300–1350 °C. CS samples were porous and exhibited high degrees of inter-phase reaction. Nickel oxide sintering aids did not improve CS sample density. In contrast, samples made by SPS were significantly denser (>95 %) and showed less reaction between phases. A pseudo-optimum SPS profile was developed, accounting for the effects of thermal expansion mismatch between BCZY27 and STN95. X-ray diffraction indicated secondary phases exist, but there was no indication of their presence at grain boundaries based on thorough study of these regions with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and selective area electron diffraction. We thus suggest that these phases are present as independent grains in the bulk. It is believed these secondary phases inhibit electronic conductivity in the composite.

AB - A novel two-phase ceramic composite (cercer) material consisting of a solid solution of barium cerate and -zirconate doped with yttrium (BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ : BCZY27), together with niobium-doped strontium titanate (Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3−δ : STN95), has been synthesized by solid-state reaction and sintered conventionally (CS) at 1350–1500 °C, as well as by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 1300–1350 °C. CS samples were porous and exhibited high degrees of inter-phase reaction. Nickel oxide sintering aids did not improve CS sample density. In contrast, samples made by SPS were significantly denser (>95 %) and showed less reaction between phases. A pseudo-optimum SPS profile was developed, accounting for the effects of thermal expansion mismatch between BCZY27 and STN95. X-ray diffraction indicated secondary phases exist, but there was no indication of their presence at grain boundaries based on thorough study of these regions with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and selective area electron diffraction. We thus suggest that these phases are present as independent grains in the bulk. It is believed these secondary phases inhibit electronic conductivity in the composite.

U2 - 10.1007/s10853-013-7414-6

DO - 10.1007/s10853-013-7414-6

M3 - Journal article

VL - 48

SP - 6177

EP - 6185

JO - Journal of Materials Science

JF - Journal of Materials Science

SN - 0022-2461

IS - 18

ER -