Synthesis and structure of functional organic molecules: Calix[4]arenes, Trioxatriangulenes and Helicenes

André Faldt

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    Abstract

    This Ph.D. thesis describes the synthesis and structure of a series of organic and metalorganic molecules. The idea of the project was to combine the supramolecular properties of calix[4]arenes with the catalytic properties of a metallocene. This was attempted by substitution at the upper rim of the calix[4]arene with a metallocene. It proved however not possible to combine these two moieties. It was possible to substitute the upper rim of calix[4]arene with two fluorenyl moieties and it was found by X-ray crystallography that the formation of a pentachloro zirconate tetrahydrofuran complex was obtained instead of the expected calix[4]arene metallocene. By NMR and MALDI-TOF analysis it was proven that the transition metal tetrahalides are strong enough as Lewis acids to endorse the cleavage of one or more of the propoxy groups present at the lower rim of the calix[4]arene. The anionic polymerization of styrene was investigated as a function of addition of crown-ethers and tetrapropoxy-calix[4]arene and it was found the addition of crown-ethers strongly increased the reaction rate in the polymerization. In addition work is presented regarding the synthesis of 2,6,10-tris(tert-butyl)trioxatriangulene derivatised at the 12c-position and the synthesis of 7,8-dioxa[6]helicene together with structural discussions originating from the X-ray structures.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationRoskilde
    PublisherRisø National Laboratory
    Number of pages207
    ISBN (Print)87-550-2627-3
    ISBN (Electronic)87-550-2628-1
    Publication statusPublished - 2000
    SeriesDenmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R
    Number1148(EN)
    ISSN0106-2840

    Keywords

    • Risø-R-1148(EN)
    • Risø-R-1148

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