A novel mind-set, termed lignin-first biorefinery, is bewitching to synchronously boost lignin output for entirely lignocellulosic utilization. A lignin-first fractionation, using a food-additive derived ionic liquid (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acesulfamate, emimAce) and mild alkaline pretreatments, was formed for the purposely isolating poplar lignin, whilst delivering a cellulose-rich substrate that can be easily available for enzymatic digestion. The emimAce-driven lignin, alkali-soluble lignin and hemicellulose, and accessible cellulose were sequentially gained. We introduce a lignin-first approach to extract the amorphous fractions, destroy the robust architecture, and reform cellulose-I to II, thereby advancing the cellulose bioconversion from 15.4 to 90.5%. A harvest of 70.7% lignin, 52.1% hemicellulose, and 330.1 mg/g glucose was fulfilled from raw poplar. A structural ‘‘beginning-to-end’’ analysis of lignin inferred that emimAce ions are expected to interact with lignin β-aryl-ether due to their aromatic character. It was reasonable to derive benefits from lignin-first technique that can substantially augment the domain of biorefinering.
- Lignin-first biorefinery
- Ionic liquid
- Alkaline pretreatment
- Enzymatic hydrolysis
Xu, J., Dai, L., Gui, Y., Yuan, L., Zhang, C., & Lei, Y. (2020). Synergistic benefits from a lignin-first biorefinery of poplar via coupling acesulfamate ionic liquid followed by mild alkaline extraction. Bioresource Technology, 303, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2020.122888