Sustained mass loss of the northeast Greenland ice sheet triggered by regional warming

Shfaqat Abbas Khan, Kurt H. Kjaer, Michael Bevis, Jonathan L. Bamber, John Wahr, Kristian Kjellerup Kjeldsen, Anders A. Bjork, Niels J. Korsgaard, Leigh A. Stearns, Michiel R. van den Broeke, Lin Liu, Nicolaj K. Larsen, Ioana Stefania Muresan

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Abstract

The Greenland ice sheet has been one of the largest contributors to global sea-level rise over the past 20 years, accounting for 0.5 mm yr(-1) of a total of 3.2 mm yr(-1). A significant portion of this contribution is associated with the speed-up of an increased number of glaciers in southeast and northwest Greenland. Here, we show that the northeast Greenland ice stream, which extends more than 600 km into the interior of the ice sheet, is now undergoing sustained dynamic thinning, linked to regional warming, after more than a quarter of a century of stability. This sector of the Greenland ice sheet is of particular interest, because the drainage basin area covers 16% of the ice sheet (twice that of Jakobshavn Isbrae) and numerical model predictions suggest no significant mass loss for this sector, leading to an under-estimation of future global sea-level rise. The geometry of the bedrock and monotonic trend in glacier speed-up and mass loss suggests that dynamic drawdown of ice in this region will continue in the near future.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume4
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)292-299
Number of pages8
ISSN1758-678X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • ENVIRONMENTAL
  • METEOROLOGY
  • SEA-LEVEL RISE
  • JAKOBSHAVN ISBRAE
  • OUTLET GLACIERS
  • CLIMATE
  • FLUCTUATIONS
  • MODEL
  • FLOW

Cite this

Khan, S. A., Kjaer, K. H., Bevis, M., Bamber, J. L., Wahr, J., Kjeldsen, K. K., ... Muresan, I. S. (2014). Sustained mass loss of the northeast Greenland ice sheet triggered by regional warming. Nature Climate Change, 4(4), 292-299. https://doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE2161
Khan, Shfaqat Abbas ; Kjaer, Kurt H. ; Bevis, Michael ; Bamber, Jonathan L. ; Wahr, John ; Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup ; Bjork, Anders A. ; Korsgaard, Niels J. ; Stearns, Leigh A. ; van den Broeke, Michiel R. ; Liu, Lin ; Larsen, Nicolaj K. ; Muresan, Ioana Stefania. / Sustained mass loss of the northeast Greenland ice sheet triggered by regional warming. In: Nature Climate Change. 2014 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 292-299.
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title = "Sustained mass loss of the northeast Greenland ice sheet triggered by regional warming",
abstract = "The Greenland ice sheet has been one of the largest contributors to global sea-level rise over the past 20 years, accounting for 0.5 mm yr(-1) of a total of 3.2 mm yr(-1). A significant portion of this contribution is associated with the speed-up of an increased number of glaciers in southeast and northwest Greenland. Here, we show that the northeast Greenland ice stream, which extends more than 600 km into the interior of the ice sheet, is now undergoing sustained dynamic thinning, linked to regional warming, after more than a quarter of a century of stability. This sector of the Greenland ice sheet is of particular interest, because the drainage basin area covers 16{\%} of the ice sheet (twice that of Jakobshavn Isbrae) and numerical model predictions suggest no significant mass loss for this sector, leading to an under-estimation of future global sea-level rise. The geometry of the bedrock and monotonic trend in glacier speed-up and mass loss suggests that dynamic drawdown of ice in this region will continue in the near future.",
keywords = "ENVIRONMENTAL, METEOROLOGY, SEA-LEVEL RISE, JAKOBSHAVN ISBRAE, OUTLET GLACIERS, CLIMATE, FLUCTUATIONS, MODEL, FLOW",
author = "Khan, {Shfaqat Abbas} and Kjaer, {Kurt H.} and Michael Bevis and Bamber, {Jonathan L.} and John Wahr and Kjeldsen, {Kristian Kjellerup} and Bjork, {Anders A.} and Korsgaard, {Niels J.} and Stearns, {Leigh A.} and {van den Broeke}, {Michiel R.} and Lin Liu and Larsen, {Nicolaj K.} and Muresan, {Ioana Stefania}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1038/NCLIMATE2161",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "292--299",
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Khan, SA, Kjaer, KH, Bevis, M, Bamber, JL, Wahr, J, Kjeldsen, KK, Bjork, AA, Korsgaard, NJ, Stearns, LA, van den Broeke, MR, Liu, L, Larsen, NK & Muresan, IS 2014, 'Sustained mass loss of the northeast Greenland ice sheet triggered by regional warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 292-299. https://doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE2161

Sustained mass loss of the northeast Greenland ice sheet triggered by regional warming. / Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Kjaer, Kurt H.; Bevis, Michael; Bamber, Jonathan L.; Wahr, John; Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup; Bjork, Anders A.; Korsgaard, Niels J.; Stearns, Leigh A.; van den Broeke, Michiel R.; Liu, Lin; Larsen, Nicolaj K.; Muresan, Ioana Stefania.

In: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2014, p. 292-299.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sustained mass loss of the northeast Greenland ice sheet triggered by regional warming

AU - Khan, Shfaqat Abbas

AU - Kjaer, Kurt H.

AU - Bevis, Michael

AU - Bamber, Jonathan L.

AU - Wahr, John

AU - Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup

AU - Bjork, Anders A.

AU - Korsgaard, Niels J.

AU - Stearns, Leigh A.

AU - van den Broeke, Michiel R.

AU - Liu, Lin

AU - Larsen, Nicolaj K.

AU - Muresan, Ioana Stefania

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The Greenland ice sheet has been one of the largest contributors to global sea-level rise over the past 20 years, accounting for 0.5 mm yr(-1) of a total of 3.2 mm yr(-1). A significant portion of this contribution is associated with the speed-up of an increased number of glaciers in southeast and northwest Greenland. Here, we show that the northeast Greenland ice stream, which extends more than 600 km into the interior of the ice sheet, is now undergoing sustained dynamic thinning, linked to regional warming, after more than a quarter of a century of stability. This sector of the Greenland ice sheet is of particular interest, because the drainage basin area covers 16% of the ice sheet (twice that of Jakobshavn Isbrae) and numerical model predictions suggest no significant mass loss for this sector, leading to an under-estimation of future global sea-level rise. The geometry of the bedrock and monotonic trend in glacier speed-up and mass loss suggests that dynamic drawdown of ice in this region will continue in the near future.

AB - The Greenland ice sheet has been one of the largest contributors to global sea-level rise over the past 20 years, accounting for 0.5 mm yr(-1) of a total of 3.2 mm yr(-1). A significant portion of this contribution is associated with the speed-up of an increased number of glaciers in southeast and northwest Greenland. Here, we show that the northeast Greenland ice stream, which extends more than 600 km into the interior of the ice sheet, is now undergoing sustained dynamic thinning, linked to regional warming, after more than a quarter of a century of stability. This sector of the Greenland ice sheet is of particular interest, because the drainage basin area covers 16% of the ice sheet (twice that of Jakobshavn Isbrae) and numerical model predictions suggest no significant mass loss for this sector, leading to an under-estimation of future global sea-level rise. The geometry of the bedrock and monotonic trend in glacier speed-up and mass loss suggests that dynamic drawdown of ice in this region will continue in the near future.

KW - ENVIRONMENTAL

KW - METEOROLOGY

KW - SEA-LEVEL RISE

KW - JAKOBSHAVN ISBRAE

KW - OUTLET GLACIERS

KW - CLIMATE

KW - FLUCTUATIONS

KW - MODEL

KW - FLOW

U2 - 10.1038/NCLIMATE2161

DO - 10.1038/NCLIMATE2161

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

SP - 292

EP - 299

JO - Nature Climate Change

JF - Nature Climate Change

SN - 1758-678X

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ER -