Sustainable DME synthesis-design with CO2 utilization

Weeranut Prasertsri, Rebecca Frauzem, Uthaiporn Suriyapraphadilok, Rafiqul Gani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Minimizing CO2 emission, while achieving economic feasibility in CO2 utilization for producing valuable chemicals is a challenging problem, as reported in recent studies. Due to its high Cetane number, clean-burning, and non-toxic, DME is a promising fuel alternative, and therefore, potentially valuable chemical that can be produced via thermochemical CO2 conversion reactions. The aim of this study is to identify the most promising processing route for sustainable production of DME in terms of CO2 emission, economic indicators and sustainable indicators. The three processing routes are generated: (A) dry reforming step, methanol synthesis step, and methanol dehydration step; (B) CO2 hydrogenation step followed by methanol dehydration step; and (C) dry reforming step followed by direct DME synthesis step. Starting with a base-case design, the process flow sheets for the three routes are studied in detail to identify the process bottlenecks or hot-spots. Alternatives addressing the hot-spots are generated to identify the processing route with the best potential. The results indicate that processing route-B gives the highest CO2 consumption; nevertheless, this route is not feasible in terms of economic factors due to the negative rate of return. The final selection, however, depends on a trade-off between CO2 consumption and economic-sustainability indicators. In principle, for all three alternatives are more sustainable options.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 26th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
EditorsZdravko Kravanja, Miloš Bogataj
Volume38
PublisherElsevier
Publication date2016
Pages1081–1086
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-444-63428-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event26th European Symposium on Computer-Aided Process Engineering - Grand Hotel Bernardin Congress Centre, Portorož , Slovenia
Duration: 12 Jun 201615 Jun 2016
http://escape26.um.si/

Conference

Conference26th European Symposium on Computer-Aided Process Engineering
LocationGrand Hotel Bernardin Congress Centre
CountrySlovenia
CityPortorož
Period12/06/201615/06/2016
Internet address
SeriesComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
ISSN1570-7946

Keywords

  • DME production
  • Sustainable process design
  • CO2 utilization

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