Surface topography of machined fibre reinforced plastics obtained by stylus instruments and optical profilometers

Else Eriksen, Hans Nørgaard Hansen

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review


    In the manufacturing industry it is important to be able to specify and control the surface quality of the components produced. This is often done with stylus profilometers, by which standardized roughness parameters are found. In recent years instruments based on laser autofocusing have been introduced. They use another working principle to obtain the same parameters, but the settings of most of the measuring variables are not standardized. The present study has investigated aspects that have to be taken into account when the roughness of short fibre reinforced thermoplastics is measured by stylus instruments and by optical profilometers. The measurements were performed on machined surfaces with three distinct different roughness levels. The materials were two thermoplastics, polyoxymethylene and polypropylene, reinforced with short glass fibres. The two stylus instruments gave almost identical values, whereas significantly higher roughnesses were measured with one of the two optical instruments. The optical instruments were identical but with different settings of the control parameters, which resulted in large deviations between the values measured. Some of the differences between the two types of instrument are supposed to relate to the different properties of the fibres and the matrix, whereas others seem to relate to the instruments.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture
    Issue number6
    Pages (from-to)479-488
    Publication statusPublished - 1998
    EventProc. Instn.Mech. Engrs. -
    Duration: 1 Jan 1998 → …


    ConferenceProc. Instn.Mech. Engrs.
    Period01/01/1998 → …


    • Short fibre reinforced thermoplastics
    • Machining
    • Roughness
    • Topography


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