Surface modification of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 cathode by infiltrating A-site deficient non-strontium La0.94Ni0.6Fe0.4O3 perovskite for solid oxide fuel cells

Hanwen Zhao, Wenlu Li*, Haojie Wang, Juan Zhou, Xiufu Sun, Erjing Wang, Li Zhao, Binghai Dong, Shimin Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF) is a promising cathode for intermediate temperature range, however strontium tends to segregate on the surface of the cathode and reacts with CO2 from atmosphere and Cr from interconnect, which deteriorates its oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity. Here, we propose infiltrating stable and active A-site deficient Fe-doped lanthanum nickelate perovskite La1-xNiyFe1-yO3 without Sr element over the LSCF by delicately tailoring the infiltrating amount. It is found that 150 μL La0.94Ni0.6Fe0.4O3(LNF94) infiltrated LSCF (LNF94@LSCF) composite cathode with improved ORR catalytic activity, its symmetrical cell area specific resistance is 0.041 Ω·cm2 and its single cell exhibited 1.08 W cm-2 output power density at 800 ℃. The heterogeneous interface significantly improved the electron conduction and enhanced the dissociation of oxygen molecules which has been verified by the energy band alignment of LSCF and LNF94. Moreover, the core-shell LNF94@LSCF composite cathode showed excellent long-term tolerance to CO2 and Cr atmosphere.
Original languageEnglish
Article number151382
JournalApplied Surface Science
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Infiltration
  • La0.94Ni0.6Fe0.4O3
  • La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3
  • Solid oxide fuel cells


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