Low-temperature (470 °C) gaseous carburization is successfully employed in surface hardening of a CoCrFeNi high entropy alloy. After low-temperature gaseous carburization, a carburized case of expanded face-centered cubic (FCC) structure, i.e., a carbide-free supersaturated interstitial solid solution of carbon (maximum of ~3.0 wt%) in FCC, forms in the surface region of the high entropy alloy. Due to solid solution strengthening by interstitially dissolved carbon atoms and strain hardening caused by plastic accommodation of the lattice expansion, the surface hardness of high entropy alloy is significantly enhanced. The surface hardness reaches 1221 HV0.1N, which is about 5 times the hardness of the substrate.
- Expanded FCC
- Hardening Mechanism
- High entropy alloy
- Low-temperature gaseous carburization