Surface forces between rough and topographically structured interfaces

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Abstract

Within colloidal science, direct or indirect measurements of surface forces represent an important tool for developing a fundamental understanding of colloidal systems, as well as for predictions of the stability of colloidal suspensions. While the general understanding of colloidal interactions has developed significantly since the formulation of the DLVO theory, many problems still remain to be solved. One concrete problem is that the current theory has been developed for interaction between flat and chemically homogenous surfaces, which is in contrast to the surfaces of most natural and manufactured materials, which possess topographical variations. Further, with technological advances in nanotechnology, fabrication of nano- or micro-structured surfaces has become increasingly important for many applications, which calls for a better understanding of the effect of surface topography on the interaction between interfaces. This paper presents a review of the current state of understanding of the effect of surface roughness on DLVO forces, as well as on the interactions between topographically structured hydrophobic surfaces in water. While the first case is a natural choice because it represents the most general description of colloidal interactions, the second case represents examples of how intentionally built-in surface structures can significantly alter the interactions between surfaces.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science
Volume27
Pages (from-to)18-24
Number of pages7
ISSN1359-0294
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • DLVO
  • Hydrophobic
  • Roughness
  • Superhydrophobic
  • Surface forces
  • Surface topography

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