Surface-enhanced Raman scattering biosensor for DNA detection on nanoparticle island substrates

Scott Wu Yuan, Ho Pui Ho, Rebecca K.Y. Lee, Siu Kai Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We present a study on the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) properties of Ag nanoparticle island substrates (NIS) and their applications for target oligonucleotide (OND) detection. It has been found that the surface nanostructure of NIS samples can be controlled with a good degree of reproducibility, and a high SERS enhancement can be achieved when the peak extinction wavelength of NIS is tuned to a spectral window (∼60 nm) between the excitation wavelength and the scattered Raman wavelength. The highest SERS enhancement was obtained from the NIS substrates with a nominal thickness of 50Å. Detection of target OND was performed with a sandwich format in which the target OND was hybridized both to a capture OND immobilized on the NIS substrate, and a detection OND conjugated with a Raman-active dye for SERS signal generation.We compare the detection performance of two strategies based on the use of the detection OND with or without the gold nanoparticle (Au-NP). Our results confirm that, when the detection OND is coupled to the Au-NP, a better sensitivity for the target OND detection, in terms of a wider dynamic range and a lower detection limit (0:4 fM versus 1nM without Au-NP), would be achieved. © 2009 Optical Society of America
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Optics
Volume48
Issue number22
Pages (from-to)4329-4337
ISSN1559-128X
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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