Suppression of TNF-alpha production by S-adenosylmethionine in human mononuclear leukocytes is not mediated by polyamines

Jingling Yu, Senja Sauter, Alexandr Parlesak

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Endotoxin-induced cytokine production is an important mechanism in the development of several types of liver damage. Methionine, some of its precursors and metabolites were reported to have protective effects against such injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether methionine, its precursors or metabolites [phosphatidylcholine, choline, betaine, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)] have a modulating effect on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production by endotoxin-stimulated human mononuclear leukocytes and whether SAM-dependent polyamines (spermidine, spermine) are mediators of SAM-induced inhibition of TNF-alpha synthesis. Methionine and betaine had a moderate stimulatory effect on TNF-alpha production, whereas phosphatidylcholine (ID(50) 5.4 mM), SAM (ID(50) 131 microM), spermidine (ID(50) 4.5 microM) and spermine (ID(50) 3.9 microM) had a predominantly inhibitory effect. Putrescine did not alter TNF-alpha release. Inhibitors of polyamine synthesis that blocked either putrescine (difluoromethylornithine) or spermine (CGP48664A) production did not affect TNF-alpha synthesis. Endotoxin stimulation of leukocytes did not alter the intracellular levels of polyamines. In addition, supplementation with SAM did not change the intracellular concentration of either polyamine measured. We conclude that phosphatidylcholine-induced immunosuppression is not caused by methionine and polyamines are not involved in SAM-induced inhibition of TNF-alpha production. The limitation of TNF-alpha release by spermidine is specific and is not due to its conversion into spermine.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiological Chemistry
Volume387
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1619-1627
ISSN1431-6730
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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