Suppression of soil decomposers and promotion of long-lived, root herbivorous nematodes by climate change

Karen Stevnbak, Kristine Maraldo, Slavka Georgieva, Lisa Bjørnlund, Claus Beier, Inger Kappel Schmidt, Søren Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Decomposition and herbivory in the soil are performed by different groups of organisms. Since these organisms are regulated by separate mechanisms, they could respond differently to climate change. In a dry, Danish heathland soil temperature and soil moisture were modified for eight years according to climate change predictions for the coming decades. Removing precipitation for two summer months reduced all decomposer organisms assessed, i.e., microbial biomass, protozoa, bacteri- and fungivorous nematodes and enchytraeids, probably with negative effects on soil decomposition. Increasing temperature by about 1 °C reduced all nematodes including the dominant trophic group, the root herbivores, by almost 50% in the upper layer. The remaining assemblage of root herbivorous nematodes, however, shifted towards species with longer generation times, possibly because of an earlier start of plant growth. This fractional increase in root herbivores with life spans measured in months-years clearly shows the improved conditions for this group even though only based on one sampling. This is one of the first studies showing a different response to long-term climatic changes in soil decomposers and in a major group of root herbivores.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Soil Biology
Volume52
Pages (from-to)1-7
ISSN1164-5563
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Drought
  • Elevated temperature
  • Root herbivores
  • Decomposer organisms
  • Protozoa
  • Nematodes
  • Enchytraeids
  • Microbial biomass

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