We demonstrate favorable stability properties of maximum-J stellarators, exemplified by the Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) device, in scenarios with low plasma beta. A large number of electrostatic linear gyrokinetic simulations are conducted to scan the relevant parameter space for different configurations, resulting in stability maps that account for the key micro-instabilities thought to drive turbulent transport. These maps exhibit a 'stability valley' in the region where the normalized ion temperature gradient is roughly equal to the normalized density gradient. In this valley, the electrostatic instabilities are partly suppressed thanks to the maximum-J property of the W7-X field. This property varies across different W7-X configurations, and this measurable difference is demonstrated to affect the size of the stability valley. Finally, the impact of the isotope effect and collisions on the valley is examined.
- Plasma instabilities
- Wendelstein 7-X
Alcusón, J. A., Xanthopoulos, P., Plunk, G. G., Helander, P., Wilms, F., Turkin, Y., Stechow, A. V., & Grulke, O. (2020). Suppression of electrostatic micro-instabilities in maximum-J stellarators: Paper. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 62(3), . https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6587/ab630e