Suppressing Vortex Induced Vibrations of Wind Turbine Blades with Flaps

Sergio González Horcas, Mads Madsen, Niels N. Sørensen, Frederik Zahle

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    Abstract

    The present work describes an exploratory work aiming to analyze the impact of trailing edge flaps activation on Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV) suppression. A computational study of the VIV of the AVATAR rotor blade, a 10 MW design suitable for offshore locations, was performed. A Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) approach was adopted for the simulations, coupling an Improved Delayed Detached Eddy Simulations (IDDES) flow solver with a beam-based structural model. Initial simulations based on the clean geometry identified significant edgewise VIV for certain free stream velocity and flow inclination angles. Inflow conditions showing the maximum amplitude of blade vibrations were used in order to test several trailing edge flap geometries and operating angles. The best flap configuration found in this parametric study managed to suppress the VIV phenomenon. However, when assessing a wider range of inflow conditions, the amplitudes of vibration of the blade equipped with flaps were found to be equivalent to the ones obtained for its clean counterpart. It is therefore concluded that a re-calibration of the flap operating angle should be required in order to adapt it to the considered wind speed and wind direction.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationRecent Advances in CFD for Wind and Tidal Offshore Turbines
    EditorsEsteban Ferrer, Adeline Montlaur
    Number of pages14
    Place of PublicationSwitzerland
    PublisherSpringer
    Publication date2019
    Pages11-24
    ISBN (Print)978-3-030-11886-0
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-11887-7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    SeriesSpringer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering (STME)
    ISSN2195-9870

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