As the grid codes of wind turbines note, doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind energy conversion system (WECS) should maintain uninterrupted operation during certain voltage faults. To meet the codes, a novel configuration of DFIG-based WECS is proposed in which a superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) and a series transformer are incorporated. The control strategies of the WECS are redesigned to smooth the output power fluctuations and ride through different levels of voltage faults. The grid-side converter (GSC) is controlled to smooth power fluctuations caused by random wind speeds under normal conditions. The GSC and protection circuit are controlled to switch into the series compensation mode to fully compensate the stator voltage during voltage swells and slight voltage sags. While under severe voltage sags, the protection circuit operates in the current limiting mode, which significantly limits the stator and rotor fault overcurrent, improves the stator voltage and supresses fluctuations of the electromagnetic torque. The different faults are applied, the simulation results demonstrate that the presented scheme can effectively smooth output power fluctuations and strengthen the voltage fault ride-through capability (FRT) of WECS.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51907134.
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