Summer distribution and demography of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana, 1852 (Euphausiacea) at the South Orkney Islands, 2011–2015

Bjørn A. Krafft*, Ludvig Ahm Krag, Tor Knutsen, Georg Skaret, Knut H. M. Jensen, Jens O. Krakstad, Stuart H. Larsen, Webjørn Melle, Svein A. Iversen, Olav R. Godø

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We carried out a survey of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana, 1850) from 2011 to 2015 to establish a long-term, time-series dataset of distribution, abundance, and demography for this species in the South Orkney Islands sector of the Southern Ocean. This species is abundant in this region and is subjected to high-intensity fishing, but previous assessments of density and population dynamics are few and outdated. Our data for Antarctic krill was collected from
trawl stations along survey line transects covering the South Orkney plateau and shelf region during the summers of five consecutive years. We used concurrent data on hydrography, bathymetry, and proxies for algal biomass to describe potential spatial patterns of demography and abundance of E. superba. Comparative analysis of the demographic composition showed that 2012 differed from the other years by having a higher proportion of juveniles; otherwise a consistent pattern was found among years and within the study area. The highest
biomass during the study period occurred along the northern shelf edge of the South Orkney Islands. Results of the linear mixed-effect model used to evaluate a diverse range of variables revealed that the only predictors for this hotspot were the short distance from land and great bottom depth. No clear differences in demographic composition for the study area were detected, which indicates that the area is highly dynamic and dominated by flux and advection of krill, both to, from, and within the area. Despite this finding, the results demonstrate that the shelf break on the northwest South Orkney Islands is predictable over time as a krill concentration and retention hotspot during the summer season
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Crustacean Biology
Volume38
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)682-688
ISSN0278-0372
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Fisheries
  • Maturity stage
  • Southern Ocean
  • Time series
  • Zooplankton

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