Sulfur Poisoning of Ni/stabilized-zirconia Anodes – Effect on Long-Term Durability

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Abstract

Sulfur impurities in carbon containing fuels for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), e.g. natural gas and biogas, can lead to significant losses in performance due to the sulfur sensitivity of Ni/YSZ SOFC anodes. Full cells having Ni/YSZ and Ni/ScYSZ anodes have been characterized during long-term galvanostatic operation in internal reforming gas mixture (CH4/H2O/H2:30/60/10), with 2 ppm H2S exposure to the anode, at different current densities. The aim was not only to investigate the well-known initial performance drop associated with adsorbed sulfur in the Ni/stabilized-zirconia anodes, but also to focus on the long-term effect over a few hundred of hours. This work describes and correlates the observed evolution of anode performance, over hundreds of hours, with sulfur poisoning with the different operating conditions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalE C S Transactions
Volume57
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)615-625
ISSN1938-5862
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event13th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC-XIII) - Okinawa, Japan
Duration: 6 Oct 201311 Oct 2013
Conference number: 13

Conference

Conference13th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC-XIII)
Number13
CountryJapan
CityOkinawa
Period06/10/201311/10/2013

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