Suitability of commercial transport for a shift to electric mobility with Denmark and Germany as use cases

Linda Christensen, Jens Klauenberg, Ole Kveiborg, Christian Rudolph

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    This paper identifies commercial sectors suitable for a shift to electric mobility in Denmark and Germany by analysing daily driving distance. The paper concludes that construction, human health and other service sectors are the most suitable sectors for electric mobility because many vehicles are registered in these sectors and daily mileage is reasonably low. They should be primary target groups of specific policy measures to promote the use of electric vehicles.Both Denmark and Germany have incentives to promote the use of electric vehicles. Nevertheless, electric vehicles do generally not show economic benefits unless travel distance is high. However, today the travel range of large vans is an important barrier for electrification due to battery weight and the limitation of 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight for driving with a normal driving licence. The rule needs amendments for electric vehicles, as has been done in Germany. The paper recommends EU countries follow the German rule allowing EVs up to 4.25 tonnes to be driven with a class B licence, thereby potentially creating a market for big vans with long travel range.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalResearch in Transportation Economics
    Number of pages13
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


    • Transportation
    • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
    • Article history
    • Commercial transport
    • Driving licence regulation
    • Electric mobility
    • Light duty vehicles
    • Urban freight


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