Substrate recognition by three family 13 yeast alpha-glucosidases

T. P. Frandsen, M. M. Palcic, Birte Svensson

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Important hydrogen bonding interactions between substrate OH-groups in yeast alpha-glucosidases and oligo-1,6-glucosidase from glycoside hydrolase family 13 have been identified by measuring the rates of hydrolysis of methyl alpha-isomaltoside and its seven monodeoxygenated analogs. The transition-state stabilization energy, DeltaDeltaG, contributed by the individual OH-groups was calculated from the activities for the parent and the deoxy analogs, respectively, according to DeltaDeltaG = -RT ln[(Vmax/Km)analog/(Vmax/Km)parent]. This analysis of the energetics gave DeltaDeltaG values for all three enzymes ranging from 16.1 to 24.0 kJ.mol-1 for OH-2', -3', -4', and -6', i.e. the OH-groups of the nonreducing sugar ring. These OH-groups interact with enzyme via charged hydrogen bonds. In contrast, OH-2 and -3 of the reducing sugar contribute to transition-state stabilization, by 5.8 and 4.1 kJ.mol-1, respectively, suggesting that these groups participate in neutral hydrogen bonds. The OH-4 group is found to be unimportant in this respect and very little or no contribution is indicated for all OH-groups of the reducing-end ring of the two alpha-glucosidases, probably reflecting their exposure to bulk solvent. The stereochemical course of hydrolysis by these three members of the retaining family 13 was confirmed by directly monitoring isomaltose hydrolysis using 1H NMR spectroscopy. Kinetic analysis of the hydrolysis of methyl 6-S-ethyl-alpha-isomaltoside and its 6-R-diastereoisomer indicates that alpha-glucosidase has 200-fold higher specificity for the S-isomer. Substrate molecular recognition by these alpha-glucosidases are compared to earlier findings for the inverting, exo-acting glucoamylase from Aspergillus niger and a retaining alpha-glucosidase of glycoside hydrolase family 31, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume269
Pages (from-to)728-734
ISSN0014-2956
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

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title = "Substrate recognition by three family 13 yeast alpha-glucosidases",
abstract = "Important hydrogen bonding interactions between substrate OH-groups in yeast alpha-glucosidases and oligo-1,6-glucosidase from glycoside hydrolase family 13 have been identified by measuring the rates of hydrolysis of methyl alpha-isomaltoside and its seven monodeoxygenated analogs. The transition-state stabilization energy, DeltaDeltaG, contributed by the individual OH-groups was calculated from the activities for the parent and the deoxy analogs, respectively, according to DeltaDeltaG = -RT ln[(Vmax/Km)analog/(Vmax/Km)parent]. This analysis of the energetics gave DeltaDeltaG values for all three enzymes ranging from 16.1 to 24.0 kJ.mol-1 for OH-2', -3', -4', and -6', i.e. the OH-groups of the nonreducing sugar ring. These OH-groups interact with enzyme via charged hydrogen bonds. In contrast, OH-2 and -3 of the reducing sugar contribute to transition-state stabilization, by 5.8 and 4.1 kJ.mol-1, respectively, suggesting that these groups participate in neutral hydrogen bonds. The OH-4 group is found to be unimportant in this respect and very little or no contribution is indicated for all OH-groups of the reducing-end ring of the two alpha-glucosidases, probably reflecting their exposure to bulk solvent. The stereochemical course of hydrolysis by these three members of the retaining family 13 was confirmed by directly monitoring isomaltose hydrolysis using 1H NMR spectroscopy. Kinetic analysis of the hydrolysis of methyl 6-S-ethyl-alpha-isomaltoside and its 6-R-diastereoisomer indicates that alpha-glucosidase has 200-fold higher specificity for the S-isomer. Substrate molecular recognition by these alpha-glucosidases are compared to earlier findings for the inverting, exo-acting glucoamylase from Aspergillus niger and a retaining alpha-glucosidase of glycoside hydrolase family 31, respectively.",
author = "Frandsen, {T. P.} and Palcic, {M. M.} and Birte Svensson",
year = "2002",
language = "English",
volume = "269",
pages = "728--734",
journal = "European Journal of Biochemistry",
issn = "0014-2956",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",

}

Substrate recognition by three family 13 yeast alpha-glucosidases. / Frandsen, T. P.; Palcic, M. M.; Svensson, Birte.

In: European Journal of Biochemistry, Vol. 269, 2002, p. 728-734.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Substrate recognition by three family 13 yeast alpha-glucosidases

AU - Frandsen, T. P.

AU - Palcic, M. M.

AU - Svensson, Birte

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Important hydrogen bonding interactions between substrate OH-groups in yeast alpha-glucosidases and oligo-1,6-glucosidase from glycoside hydrolase family 13 have been identified by measuring the rates of hydrolysis of methyl alpha-isomaltoside and its seven monodeoxygenated analogs. The transition-state stabilization energy, DeltaDeltaG, contributed by the individual OH-groups was calculated from the activities for the parent and the deoxy analogs, respectively, according to DeltaDeltaG = -RT ln[(Vmax/Km)analog/(Vmax/Km)parent]. This analysis of the energetics gave DeltaDeltaG values for all three enzymes ranging from 16.1 to 24.0 kJ.mol-1 for OH-2', -3', -4', and -6', i.e. the OH-groups of the nonreducing sugar ring. These OH-groups interact with enzyme via charged hydrogen bonds. In contrast, OH-2 and -3 of the reducing sugar contribute to transition-state stabilization, by 5.8 and 4.1 kJ.mol-1, respectively, suggesting that these groups participate in neutral hydrogen bonds. The OH-4 group is found to be unimportant in this respect and very little or no contribution is indicated for all OH-groups of the reducing-end ring of the two alpha-glucosidases, probably reflecting their exposure to bulk solvent. The stereochemical course of hydrolysis by these three members of the retaining family 13 was confirmed by directly monitoring isomaltose hydrolysis using 1H NMR spectroscopy. Kinetic analysis of the hydrolysis of methyl 6-S-ethyl-alpha-isomaltoside and its 6-R-diastereoisomer indicates that alpha-glucosidase has 200-fold higher specificity for the S-isomer. Substrate molecular recognition by these alpha-glucosidases are compared to earlier findings for the inverting, exo-acting glucoamylase from Aspergillus niger and a retaining alpha-glucosidase of glycoside hydrolase family 31, respectively.

AB - Important hydrogen bonding interactions between substrate OH-groups in yeast alpha-glucosidases and oligo-1,6-glucosidase from glycoside hydrolase family 13 have been identified by measuring the rates of hydrolysis of methyl alpha-isomaltoside and its seven monodeoxygenated analogs. The transition-state stabilization energy, DeltaDeltaG, contributed by the individual OH-groups was calculated from the activities for the parent and the deoxy analogs, respectively, according to DeltaDeltaG = -RT ln[(Vmax/Km)analog/(Vmax/Km)parent]. This analysis of the energetics gave DeltaDeltaG values for all three enzymes ranging from 16.1 to 24.0 kJ.mol-1 for OH-2', -3', -4', and -6', i.e. the OH-groups of the nonreducing sugar ring. These OH-groups interact with enzyme via charged hydrogen bonds. In contrast, OH-2 and -3 of the reducing sugar contribute to transition-state stabilization, by 5.8 and 4.1 kJ.mol-1, respectively, suggesting that these groups participate in neutral hydrogen bonds. The OH-4 group is found to be unimportant in this respect and very little or no contribution is indicated for all OH-groups of the reducing-end ring of the two alpha-glucosidases, probably reflecting their exposure to bulk solvent. The stereochemical course of hydrolysis by these three members of the retaining family 13 was confirmed by directly monitoring isomaltose hydrolysis using 1H NMR spectroscopy. Kinetic analysis of the hydrolysis of methyl 6-S-ethyl-alpha-isomaltoside and its 6-R-diastereoisomer indicates that alpha-glucosidase has 200-fold higher specificity for the S-isomer. Substrate molecular recognition by these alpha-glucosidases are compared to earlier findings for the inverting, exo-acting glucoamylase from Aspergillus niger and a retaining alpha-glucosidase of glycoside hydrolase family 31, respectively.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 269

SP - 728

EP - 734

JO - European Journal of Biochemistry

JF - European Journal of Biochemistry

SN - 0014-2956

ER -