Subchronic oral toxicity study on the three flavouring substances: octan-3-ol, 2-methylcrotonic acid and oct-3-yl 2-methylcrotonate in Wistar rats

R. H. Lindecrona, A. M. Mølck, Morten Poulsen, Rikke Andersen, I. Thorup

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Groups of 10 male and 10 female rats were administered 0, 25, 100 or 400 mg octan-3-ol/kg body weight per day, 77 mg 2-methylcrotonic acid/kg body weight per day or 163 mg oct-3-yl 2-methylcrotonate/kg body weight per day by gavage for 90 days. Relative liver weights of high-dose octan-3-ol males, and males and females dosed with oct-3-yl 2-methylcrotonate were significantly greater than those of the control. In male and female rats dosed with the highest level of octan-3-ol and in male rats dosed with 2-methylcrotonic acid, incidences of bile duct proliferation were increased. In the kidneys of males dosed with mid- and high level of octan-3-ol and oct-3-yl 2-methylcrotonate, tubular karyomegaly and desquamation of tubular epithelial cells were observed. Based on increased liver weight and microscopic evaluation of the liver and kidney, a no-observed-effect level (NOEL) of 25 mg/kg for octan-3-ol in rats was established. The histopathological evaluation of the liver of rats dosed with oct-3-yl 2-methylcrotonate revealed lesions corresponding to the lesions seen in rats dosed mid-dose with octan-3-ol. This observation is in accordance with the general assumption that oct-3-yl 2-methylcrotonatc is completely hydrolysed to octan-3-ol and 2-methylcrotonic acid. However, when comparing the liver histopathology of oct-3-yl 2-methylcrotonate and 2-methylcrotonic acid and the kidney lesions of all three substances, conflicting results were seen and the present study does not allow the conclusion to be drawn that oct-3-yl 2-methylcrotonate and structurally-related esters are completely hydrolysed, at least under the conditions of the present study. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume41
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)647-654
ISSN0278-6915
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Subchronic oral toxicity study on the three flavouring substances: octan-3-ol, 2-methylcrotonic acid and oct-3-yl 2-methylcrotonate in Wistar rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this