Studying the evolution of the hot universe with the X-ray evolving universe spectroscopy mission - XEUS

A.N. Parmar, G. Hasinger, M. Arnaud, X. Barcons, D. Barret, H. Bohringer, A. Blanchard, M. Cappi, A. Comastri, T. Courvoisier, A.C. Fabian, F. Fiore, I. Georgantopoulos, P. Grandi, R. Griffiths, Allan Hornstrup, N. Kawai, K. Koyama, K. Makishima, G. MalagutiK.O. Mason, C. Motch, M. Mendez, T. Ohashi, F. Paerels, L. Piro, T. Ponman, J. Schmitt, S. Sciortino, G. Trinchieri, M. van der Klis, M. Ward

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Europe is one of the major partners building the International Space Station (ISS) and European industry. together with ESA, is responsible for many station components including the Columbus Orbital Facility. the Automated Transport vehicle. two connecting modules and the European Robotic Arm. Together with this impressive fist of contributions there is a strong desire within the ESA Member States to benefit from this investment by utilizing the unique capabilities of the ISS to perform world-class science. XEUS is one of the astronomical applications being studied by ESA to utilize the capabilities of the ISS. XEUS will be a long-term X-ray observatory with an initial mirror area of 6 m(2) at 1 keV that will be expanded to 30 in 2 following a visit to the ISS. The I keV spatial resolution is expected to be 2-5" half-energy-width. XEUS will consist of separate detector and mirror spacecraft (MSC) aligned by active control to provide a focal length of 50 m. A new detector spacecraft, complete with the next generation of instruments, will also be added after visiting the ISS. The limiting 0.1-2.5 keV sensitivity will then be 4 x 10(-18) erg cm(-2) s(-1), around 200 times better than XMM-Newton, allowing XEUS to study the properties of the hot baryons and dark matter at high redshift.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew X-ray Results, the Next Generation of X-ray Observatories and Gamma Ray Burst Afterglow Physics
Place of PublicationKidlington
PublisherPergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Publication date2004
Publication statusPublished - 2004
SeriesAdvances in space research
Number34
ISSN0273-1177

Keywords

  • dark matter
  • X-ray observatory
  • hot baryons
  • astronomy
  • XEUS

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