Study of the On-route Operation of a Waste Heat Recovery System in a Passenger Vessel

Maria E. Mondejar, Fredrik Ahlgren, Marcus Thern, Magnus Genrup

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Waste heat recovery systems for power generation are gaining interest among the marine transport sector as a solution to accomplish the upcoming more restrictive regulations on emissions, and to reduce the total fuel consumption. In this paper we evaluate how a waste heat recovery system based on a regenerative organic Rankine cycle (rORC) could improve the performance of a passenger vessel. The case study is based on the M/S Birka Stockholm cruise ship, which covers a daily route between Stockholm (Sweden) and Mariehamn (Finland). Experimental data on exhaust gas temperatures, fuel consumption and electricity demand on board were logged for a period of four weeks. Based on the results of a fluid and configuration optimization performed in a previous work, an off-design model of a rORC working with benzene was used to estimate the net power production of the rORC at the different load conditions during a port-to-port trip of the vessel. The power generation curve of the rORC over time was compared to that of the electricity demand of the ship. Results showed that the rORC could provide up to 16 % of the total power demand. However, this value should be corrected if the auxiliary engines load is reduced as a consequence of the partial coverage of the electricity demand by the ORC.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Pages (from-to)1646-1653
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event7th International Conference on Applied Energy - Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Duration: 28 Mar 201531 Mar 2015
Conference number: 7


Conference7th International Conference on Applied Energy
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
CityAbu Dhabi


  • Cruise vessel
  • Waste heat recovery
  • Organic Rankine cycle
  • Off-design

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