We recently reported the discovery of a novel protein stabilizing dipeptide, glycyl-D-asparagine, through a structure-based approach. As the starting hypothesis leading to the discovery, we postulated a stabilizing effect achieved by binding of the dipeptide to an aggregation prone region on the protein's surface. Here we present a detailed study of the interaction mechanism between the dipeptide and Interferon-alpha-2A (IFN) through the construction of a Markov state model from molecular dynamics trajectories. We identify multiple binding sites and compare these to aggregation prone regions. Additionally, we calculate the lifetime of the protein-excipient complex. If the excipient remained bound to IFN after administration, it could alter the protein's therapeutic efficacy. We establish that the lifetime of the complex between IFN and glycyl-D-asparagine is extremely short. Under these circumstances, stabilization by stoichiometric binding is consequently no impediment for a safe use of an excipient.
|Journal||European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- Markov state model
- Protein aggregation
- Protein formulation