Studies of the Formation of All-carbon Quaternary Centres, en route to Lyngbyatoxin A. A Comparison of Phenyl and 7-Substituted Indole Systems

Janne Ejrnæs Tønder, Masood Hosseini, Alex B. Ahrenst, David Tanner

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Copper mediated allylic substitutions and conjugate additions to geranyl, cinnamyl and allylic indole compounds have been investigated with the aim of finding a method for the creation of the all-carbon quaternary centre present in the natural product lyngbyatoxin A. Reaction conditions have been found giving a 68% S(N)2' selectivity in the copper mediated addition of PhMgBr to geranyl chloride, as well as 99% and 95% S(N)2' selectivity in the copper catalysed addition of EtMgBr to cinnamyl chloride and acetate, respectively. When the optimised reaction conditions were applied to the corresponding allylic compounds containing a 7-substituted indole moiety, the regioselectivity was reversed giving only the S(N)2 product. The allylic indole-containing substrates were also found to be unproductive in Pd- or Mo-catalysed S(N)2'-type substitution reactions. In related studies, copper catalysed conjugate addition of EtMgBr to the tricyclic lactam 6-methyl-pyrrolo[3,2,1-ij]quinolin-4-one gave a maximum of 20% of the 1,4-addition product.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOrganic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Volume2
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1447 - 1455
ISSN1477-0520
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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