Structure–activity relationships of Pt/Al2O3 catalysts for CO and NO oxidation at diesel exhaust conditions

Alexey Boubnov, Søren Dahl, Erik Johnson, Anna Puig Molina, Søren Bredmose Simonsen, Fernando Morales Cano, Stig Helveg, Lived J. Lemus-Yegres, Jan-Dierk Grunwaldt

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Structure–performance relationships for Pt/Al2O3 catalysts with mean Pt particle sizes of 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10nm are investigated for the catalytic oxidation of CO and NO under lean-burning diesel exhaust conditions. The most active catalysts for CO oxidation exhibit Pt particles of 2–3nm, having a large fraction of low-coordinated and reactive surface Pt atoms. Exploiting in situ XAFS, we find that a reversible Pt surface oxidation is connected to high CO conversion. NO oxidation is most efficient over the catalysts with the largest Pt particles mainly exhibiting surface Pt atoms on planar facets. An irreversible Pt oxide formation observed during NO oxidation is a possible deactivation route and we suggest that the most active sites for NO oxidation are the ones least prone to surface oxidation. When both CO and NO are present in the reaction mixture, activity is increased for both reactions, suggesting that CO oxidation actively regenerates the Pt surface for NO oxidation and vice versa. The effect is strongest for the NO oxidation activity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume126
Pages (from-to)315-325
ISSN0926-3373
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Platinum
  • Alumina
  • Particle size
  • CO oxidation
  • NO oxidation
  • Lean burn
  • Surface oxide
  • TEM
  • Chemisorption
  • In situ XAFS

Cite this

Boubnov, A., Dahl, S., Johnson, E., Molina, A. P., Simonsen, S. B., Cano, F. M., Helveg, S., Lemus-Yegres, L. J., & Grunwaldt, J-D. (2012). Structure–activity relationships of Pt/Al2O3 catalysts for CO and NO oxidation at diesel exhaust conditions. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 126, 315-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2012.07.029