Positron-lifetime-spectra measurements have been performed on single crystals of Al and polycrystals of Fe deformed under the tensile mode at room temperature and 77 K, respectively. It is shown that the positron-trapping component in Al depends on the number of slip systems activated: The positron lifetime is 215, 220, and 240 ps when single-, double-, and multiple-slip planes are activated, respectively. This dependence is well understood if positrons annihilate at dislocation-associated defects (jogs) with different positron-annihilation characteristics revealing different jog structures. In iron, the positron-lifetime spectra associated with dislocations were found to be independent of the annealing temperature between 110 and 360 K. In this temperature range, screw dislocations should transform into nonscrew dislocations, suggesting that the positrons are not sensitive to the different types of dislocations. These results are interpreted on the basis that positrons annihilate at defects associated with the dislocations rather than at the dislocation lines.
|Journal||Physical Review B|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|