Structural stability of high entropy alloys under pressure and temperature

Azkar S. Ahmad, Y. Su, S. Y. Liu, Kenny Ståhl, Y. D. Wu, X. D. Hui, U. Ruett, O. Gutowski, K. Glazyrin, H. P. Liermann, H. Franz, H. Wang, X. D. Wang, Q. P. Cao, D. X. Zhang, J. Z. Jiang

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Abstract

The stability of high-entropy alloys (HEAs) is a key issue before their selection for industrial applications. In this study, in-situ high-pressure and high-temperature synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction experiments have been performed on three typical HEAs Ni20Co20Fe20Mn20Cr20, Hf25Nb25Zr25Ti25, and Re25Ru25Co25Fe25 (at. %), having face-centered cubic (fcc), body-centered cubic (bcc), and hexagonal close-packed (hcp) crystal structures, respectively, up to the pressure of ∼80 GPa and temperature of ∼1262 K. Under the extreme conditions of the pressure and temperature, all three studied HEAs remain stable up to the maximum pressure and temperatures achieved. For these three types of studied HEAs, the pressure-dependence of the volume can be well described with the third order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state. The bulk modulus and its pressure derivative are found to be 88.3 GPa and 4 for bcc-Hf25Nb25Zr25Ti25, 193.9 GPa and 5.9 for fcc-Ni20Co20Fe20Mn20Cr20, and 304.6 GPa and 3.8 for hcp-Re25Ru25Co25Fe25 HEAs, respectively. The thermal expansion coefficient for the three studied HEAs is found to be in the order as follows: fcc-Ni20Co20Fe20Mn20Cr20 > bcc-Hf25Nb25Zr25Ti25 ≈ hcp-Re25Ru25Co25Fe25.
Original languageEnglish
Article number235901
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume121
Issue number23
ISSN0021-8979
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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