Structural looseness in electric machines is a condition influencing the alignment of the machine and thus the overall bearing health. In this work, assessment of the above mentioned failure mode is tested on a slow rotating (running speed equal to 0.7Hz) permanent magnet generator (PMG), while collecting vibration and current data in order to cross-reference the indications from the two monitoring techniques. It is found that electric signature analysis shows no response even when two hold down bolts are untightened, whereas the analysis results from the vibration data exhibit superior performance. The vibration-based condition indicators with the best response are the stator slot pass frequency, which can be directly related to the cogging torque in PMGs, and the 4th electric frequency harmonic, whose amplitudes increase due to the overall lower structure damping coefficient under looseness. The theoretically expected frequencies in the vibration signal related to rotor dynamics issues, i.e. speed harmonics, do not respond to the imposed faults.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of 2016 XXII International Conference on Electrical Machines|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Event||2016 XXII International Conference on Electrical Machines - SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, Switzerland|
Duration: 4 Sep 2016 → 7 Sep 2016
|Conference||2016 XXII International Conference on Electrical Machines|
|Location||SwissTech Convention Center|
|Period||04/09/2016 → 07/09/2016|
- Condition monitoring
- Vibration analysis
- Electric signature analysis
- Structural looseness
- Stator slot pass frequency
- Cogging Torque
Skrimpas, G. A., Mijatovic, N., Sweeney, C. W., Poulsen, C. B., & Holbøll, J. (2016). Structural looseness investigation in slow rotating permanent magnet generators. In Proceedings of 2016 XXII International Conference on Electrical Machines IEEE.