Structural Investigation of Sodium Layered Oxides Via in Situ Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction

Young Hwa Jung, Ane Sælland Christiansen, Rune Johnsen, Poul Norby, Do Kyung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Sodium layered oxides with mixed transition metals have received significant attention as positive electrode candidates for sodium-ion batteries due to high reversible capacity. Sodium layered oxides would be more promising candidates than lithium-compounds in terms of high stability of MO2 slabs after extraction of Na induced from larger ionic size of Na. In addition, rich crystal chemistry for sodium layered compounds is available since larger Na+ ion is stable in more spacious prismatic site as compared to Li+ ion. In view of this, the phase transformation of layered compounds during electrochemical reaction is generally considered to be a pivotal feature for understanding the relationship between layered structures and electrochemical properties. Here the structure, phase stability, and electrochemical properties of two kinds of layered oxides, P2 and O3, are investigated through in-situ synchrotron XRD experiments. A capillary Na-based cell is designed to minimize interference in other substances such as a separator or external battery parts. This approach could give us to obtain clear diffraction patterns with high intensity during electrochemical reaction in a short period of time without further relaxation step. We carefully scrutinized reversible structural phase transformations during electrochemical reaction of P2 and O3-layered compounds based on in situ analysis, and detailed results will be discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalElectrochemical Society. Meeting Abstracts (Online)
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)225
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventThe 228th ECS Meeting - Phoenix, Arizona, United States
Duration: 11 Oct 201515 Oct 2015
Conference number: 228


ConferenceThe 228th ECS Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhoenix, Arizona
Internet address


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