Structural Characterization of 1,1,3,3-Tetramethylguanidinium Chloride Ionic Liquid by Reversible SO2 Gas Absorption

Rolf W. Berg, Pernille Harris, Anders Riisager, Rasmus Fehrmann

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A unique new ionic liquid−gas adduct solid state compound formed between 1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidinium chloride ([tmgH]Cl) and sulfur dioxide has
been characterized by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The structure contains SO2 molecules of near normal structure kept at their positions by Cl−S interactions. The crystals belong in the orthorhombic system, space group Pbcn, with unit cell dimensions of a = 15.6908(10) Å, b = 9.3865(6) Å, and c = 14.1494(9) Å, angles α = β = γ = 90°, and Z = 8 at 120 K. The [tmgH]Cl has a very high absorption capacity of nearly 3 mol of SO2 per mol of [tmgH]Cl at 1 bar of SO2 and at room temperature. However, part of the absorbed SO2 was liberated during the crystallization, probably because the crystal only
accommodates one molecule of SO2 per [tmgH]Cl. The nature of the high absorption capacity of [tmgH]Cl as well as of the homologous compounds with bromide and iodide are discussed. Some of these salts may prove useful as reversible absorbents of SO2 in industrial flue gases.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory
Volume117
Pages (from-to)11364−11373
ISSN1089-5639
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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