Strong nonequilibrium coherent states in mesoscopic superconductor-semiconductor-superconductor junctions

Jonatan Kutchinsky, Morten Wildt, Rafael Jozef Taboryski, Oliver Kuhn, Claus B. Sørensen, Jørn Bindslev Hansen, Poul Erik Lindelof

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearch

Abstract

A biased superconductor-normal metal-superconductor junction is known to be a strong nonequilibrium system, where Andreev scattering at the interfaces creates a quasiparticle distribution function far from equilibrium, a manifestation of this is the well-known subgap structure in the I/V characteristic, with peaks in the conductance at V = 2 Delta/ne. We study an SNS structure consisting of highly doped diffusive GaAs with superconducting electrodes of aluminum with one Electrode configured as a flux-sensitive interferometer. This enables us to probe the coherent nature of the quasiparticle states at subgap bias voltage. Oscillations in the conductance as a function of flux are seen at zero bias voltage and disappear below experimental resolution as the bias voltage exceeds the Thouless energy E-t = (h) over bar D/L-2, where L is the junction length. The oscillations reappear at higher bias in a region around the superconducting energy gap V = Delta/e corresponding to the subgap conductance peak n = 2.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Superconductivity
Volume12
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)839-842
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999
EventInternational workshop on Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling and Coherence - Napoli
Duration: 1 Jan 1998 → …

Conference

ConferenceInternational workshop on Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling and Coherence
CityNapoli
Period01/01/1998 → …

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