Stretching DNA in polymer nanochannels fabricated by thermal imprint in PMMA

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    We present results regarding the fast and inexpensive fabrication of polymer biochips for investigating the statics and dynamics of DNA confined in nanochannels. The biochips have been fabricated by means of nanoimprint lithography ( NIL) in low molecular weight polymethyl methacrylate ( PMMA) using a 4 inch diameter two-level hybrid stamp. The fluidic structures were sealed using thermal polymer fusion bonding. The stamp has nanometer-and micrometer-sized protrusions defined in a thermally grown SiO2 layer and the sol - gel process derived duromeric hybrid polymer Ormocomp, respectively. The stamp is compatible with molecular vapor deposition ( MVD), used for applying a durable chlorosilane based antistiction coating, and allows for imprint up to a temperature of 270 degrees C. The extension of YOYO-1 stained T4 GT7 bacteriophage DNA inside the PMMA nanochannels has been experimentally investigated using epi-fluorescence microscopy. The measured average extension length amounts to 20% of the full contour length with a standard deviation of 4%. These results are in good agreement with results obtained by stretching DNA in conventional fused silica nanochannels.
    Original languageEnglish
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


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