Strategies for Sustainable Urban Development and Urban-Rural Linkages

Kjell Nilsson, Thomas Alexander Sick Nielsen, Carmen Aalbers, Simon Bell, Babtiste Boitier, Jean Pierre Chery, Christian Fertner, Miroslaw Groschowski, Dagmar Haase, Wolfgang Loibl, Stephan Pauleit, Marina Pintar, Annette Piorr, Joe Ravetz, Mika Ristimäki, Mark Rounsevell, Ivan Tosics, Judith Westerink, Ingo Zasada

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    Abstract

    An important driving force behind urban expansion is the growth of the urban
    population. But for Europe, this is not a sufficient explanation. The major trend is that
    European cities have become much less compact. Since the mid-1950s European cities have expanded on average by 78%, whereas the population has grown by only 33%. In the PLUREL project - an integrated project within the EU’s 6th Research Framework Programme - more than 100 researchers from 15 countries analysed the impacts of urban land consumption at a pan-European level and, through six European and one Chinese case studies, identified how land use conflicts and the pressure towards peri- urban areas can be strategically managed in different development and regulatory contexts. To summarise, the following strategies were identified as important steps towards more sustainable urban-rural futures: (i) better coordination of transport, land use and open space planning; (ii) urban containment and densification – development a green compact city; (iii) preservation of blue and green infrastructure; and (iv) preservation of agricultural land and the promotion of local production. The need also remains to strengthen governance at the regional level while at the pan-European level there is clearly a need for more policy attention to be given to urban-rural linkages.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Spatial Development
    Number of pages26
    ISSN1650-9544
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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