Strain-tunable magnetism at ferroelastic domain walls

D. V. Christensen, Y. Frenkel, Y. Xie, Z. Chen, Y. Hikita, A. Smith, Y. Z. Chen, L. Klein, H. Y. Hwang, N. Pryds, B. Kalisky*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Applying stress to a ferroelastic material results in a nonlinear strain response as domains of different orientations mechanically switch. The ability to write, erase and move domain walls between such ferroelastic domains suggests a method for making nanoelectronics where the domain wall is the device. However, little is known about the magnetic properties of such domain walls. A fascinating model system is SrTiO3, where the ferroelastic domain walls display strain-tunable polarity and enhanced conductivity. Here, we reveal a long-range magnetic order with modulations along the ferroelastic domain walls in SrTiO3 and SrTiO3-based heterointerfaces, which manifests itself as a striped pattern in scanning superconducting quantum interference device maps of the magnetic landscape. In conducting interfaces, the magnetism is coupled to itinerant electrons with clear signatures in magnetotransport measurements. The magnetic state is also coupled dynamically to the lattice and can be reversibly tuned by applying local external forces. This study raises the possibility of designing nanoscale devices based on domain walls where strain-tunable ferroelectric, ferroelastic and ferromagnetic orders may coexist.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Physics
Volume15
Pages (from-to)269-274
ISSN1745-2473
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Christensen, D. V., Frenkel, Y., Xie, Y., Chen, Z., Hikita, Y., Smith, A., ... Kalisky, B. (2019). Strain-tunable magnetism at ferroelastic domain walls. Nature Physics, 15, 269-274. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-018-0363-x
Christensen, D. V. ; Frenkel, Y. ; Xie, Y. ; Chen, Z. ; Hikita, Y. ; Smith, A. ; Chen, Y. Z. ; Klein, L. ; Hwang, H. Y. ; Pryds, N. ; Kalisky, B. / Strain-tunable magnetism at ferroelastic domain walls. In: Nature Physics. 2019 ; Vol. 15. pp. 269-274.
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title = "Strain-tunable magnetism at ferroelastic domain walls",
abstract = "Applying stress to a ferroelastic material results in a nonlinear strain response as domains of different orientations mechanically switch. The ability to write, erase and move domain walls between such ferroelastic domains suggests a method for making nanoelectronics where the domain wall is the device. However, little is known about the magnetic properties of such domain walls. A fascinating model system is SrTiO3, where the ferroelastic domain walls display strain-tunable polarity and enhanced conductivity. Here, we reveal a long-range magnetic order with modulations along the ferroelastic domain walls in SrTiO3 and SrTiO3-based heterointerfaces, which manifests itself as a striped pattern in scanning superconducting quantum interference device maps of the magnetic landscape. In conducting interfaces, the magnetism is coupled to itinerant electrons with clear signatures in magnetotransport measurements. The magnetic state is also coupled dynamically to the lattice and can be reversibly tuned by applying local external forces. This study raises the possibility of designing nanoscale devices based on domain walls where strain-tunable ferroelectric, ferroelastic and ferromagnetic orders may coexist.",
author = "Christensen, {D. V.} and Y. Frenkel and Y. Xie and Z. Chen and Y. Hikita and A. Smith and Chen, {Y. Z.} and L. Klein and Hwang, {H. Y.} and N. Pryds and B. Kalisky",
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Christensen, DV, Frenkel, Y, Xie, Y, Chen, Z, Hikita, Y, Smith, A, Chen, YZ, Klein, L, Hwang, HY, Pryds, N & Kalisky, B 2019, 'Strain-tunable magnetism at ferroelastic domain walls', Nature Physics, vol. 15, pp. 269-274. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-018-0363-x

Strain-tunable magnetism at ferroelastic domain walls. / Christensen, D. V.; Frenkel, Y.; Xie, Y. ; Chen, Z.; Hikita, Y. ; Smith, A.; Chen, Y. Z.; Klein, L.; Hwang, H. Y.; Pryds, N.; Kalisky, B.

In: Nature Physics, Vol. 15, 2019, p. 269-274.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Strain-tunable magnetism at ferroelastic domain walls

AU - Christensen, D. V.

AU - Frenkel, Y.

AU - Xie, Y.

AU - Chen, Z.

AU - Hikita, Y.

AU - Smith, A.

AU - Chen, Y. Z.

AU - Klein, L.

AU - Hwang, H. Y.

AU - Pryds, N.

AU - Kalisky, B.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Applying stress to a ferroelastic material results in a nonlinear strain response as domains of different orientations mechanically switch. The ability to write, erase and move domain walls between such ferroelastic domains suggests a method for making nanoelectronics where the domain wall is the device. However, little is known about the magnetic properties of such domain walls. A fascinating model system is SrTiO3, where the ferroelastic domain walls display strain-tunable polarity and enhanced conductivity. Here, we reveal a long-range magnetic order with modulations along the ferroelastic domain walls in SrTiO3 and SrTiO3-based heterointerfaces, which manifests itself as a striped pattern in scanning superconducting quantum interference device maps of the magnetic landscape. In conducting interfaces, the magnetism is coupled to itinerant electrons with clear signatures in magnetotransport measurements. The magnetic state is also coupled dynamically to the lattice and can be reversibly tuned by applying local external forces. This study raises the possibility of designing nanoscale devices based on domain walls where strain-tunable ferroelectric, ferroelastic and ferromagnetic orders may coexist.

AB - Applying stress to a ferroelastic material results in a nonlinear strain response as domains of different orientations mechanically switch. The ability to write, erase and move domain walls between such ferroelastic domains suggests a method for making nanoelectronics where the domain wall is the device. However, little is known about the magnetic properties of such domain walls. A fascinating model system is SrTiO3, where the ferroelastic domain walls display strain-tunable polarity and enhanced conductivity. Here, we reveal a long-range magnetic order with modulations along the ferroelastic domain walls in SrTiO3 and SrTiO3-based heterointerfaces, which manifests itself as a striped pattern in scanning superconducting quantum interference device maps of the magnetic landscape. In conducting interfaces, the magnetism is coupled to itinerant electrons with clear signatures in magnetotransport measurements. The magnetic state is also coupled dynamically to the lattice and can be reversibly tuned by applying local external forces. This study raises the possibility of designing nanoscale devices based on domain walls where strain-tunable ferroelectric, ferroelastic and ferromagnetic orders may coexist.

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