Strain-Induced Surface Roughening of Thin Sheets and Its Effects on Metal Forming and Component Properties

Ulfar Arinbjarnar*, Rune Juul Christiansen, Maximilian Knoll, Karen Pantleon, Morten Stendahl Jellesen, Chris Valentin Nielsen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

6 Downloads (Pure)


Straining of sheet metal leads to surface roughness changes. In this study, foils of AISI 201 and AISI 304 stainless steel were strained in uniaxial tension to impose roughening of their surfaces. Thereafter, the corrosion resistance, electrical resistivity, magnetic field density, and lubricated friction of the resulting surfaces were evaluated. The effect of strain-rate on the surface roughening, and thereby on the friction against tools, corrosion resistance, and occurrence of deformation-induced martensite was investigated. The AISI 304 material showed higher roughening than AISI 201 at low strain-rate. Lubricated friction is clearly affected by the changes to the surface of the strained foils that occur. When simulating a micro-forming process, the effect of strain-induced changes should be included where possible to maintain a high fidelity of the simulation. Strain-rate, in the range tested in this work, had only a minor effect on corrosion properties; however, the martensite fraction was reduced for material elongated at higher strain-rates.
Original languageEnglish
Article number174
JournalJournal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing
Issue number5
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Micro-forming
  • Corrosion resistance
  • Friction
  • Contact resistance
  • Strain-rate
  • Stainless steel


Dive into the research topics of 'Strain-Induced Surface Roughening of Thin Sheets and Its Effects on Metal Forming and Component Properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this