Stereolithographic hydrogel printing of 3D microfluidic cell culture chips

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesis – Annual report year: 2018Research

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Three-dimensional (3D) in vitro cell culture models capturing both the structural and dynamic complexity of the in vivo situation are in great demand as an alternative to animal models. Despite tremendous progress in engineering complex tissue/organ models in the past decade, approaches that support the required freedom in design, detail and chemistry for fabricating truly 3D constructs have remained limited. Here, we report a stereolithographic high-resolution 3D printing technique utilizing poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA, MW 700) to manufacture diffusion-open and mechanically stable hydrogel constructs as self-contained chips, where confined culture volumes are supplied with oxygen and nutrients by perfusable vascular-like networks. An optimized resin formulation enables printing of hydrogel chips with perfusable multi-furcated microchannel networks, and the printed microchannels can be steadily perfused for at least one week. In addition, the integration of multiple independently perfusable and structurally stable channel systems further allows for easy combination of different bulk material volumes at exact relative spatial positions. We demonstrate this structural and material flexibility by embedding a highly compliant cell-laden gelatin hydrogel within the confines of a 3D printed resilient PEGDA hydrogel chip of intermediate compliance. Overall, our proposed strategy represents an automated, cost-effective and high resolution technique to manufacture complex 3D constructs containing microfluidic perfusion networks as advanced in vitro models for various biomedical applications such as drug development and in vitro disease modeling.
Multi-material stereolithographic printing based on epoxy and acrylate has also been demonstrated. Perfusion chips composed of a stiff epoxy component as structural supports interfacing the external world as well as compliant PEGDA component as microfluidic channels have been manufactured and perfused. Although still in the preliminary stage, this dual-material printing approach shows the potential for constructing complex 3D structures with heterogeneous components fulfilling different purposes.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherDTU Nanotech
Number of pages114
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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