Status on Demonstration of Fuel Cell Based Micro-CHP Units in Europe

E. R. Nielsen, C. B. Prag, T. M. Bachmann, F. Carnicell, E. Boyd, I. Walke, L. Ruf, A. Stephens

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Abstract

Micro combined heat and power (micro‐CHP) systems can efficiently provide private homes or small commercial buildings with both heat and electricity. The European industry is ramping up demonstration of fuel cell based micro‐CHP units in the EU projects ene.field and PACE. Systems based on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) have been demonstrated.More than 1,000 units have been tested in 10 European countries in the years 2012–2017. In the coming 5 years, additionally 2,500 units will be deployed via the EU funded program PACE. These field trials have been accompanied by analyses of end‐user satisfaction, environmental impact, and costs involved.The end‐users participating in the field trials had a very positive perception of the fuel cell micro‐CHP technology. The environmental impact of fuel cell micro‐CHP was compared to that of heat pumps and gas condensing boilers in a life cycle assessment (LCA). The micro‐CHP units have a better environmental performance than these competing technologies in all the analyzed use‐cases.
Today, the capital costs of fuel cell based micro‐CHP are significantly higher than that of traditional heating technologies. However, as serial production begins, economies of scale will cause the costs to drop substantially and the micro‐CHP can become economically competitive.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFuel Cells
Volume19
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)340-345
ISSN1615-6846
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event13th EUROPEAN SOFC & SOE FORUM - Kultur- und Kongresszentrum Luzern, Lucerne, Switzerland
Duration: 3 Jul 20186 Jul 2018
Conference number: 13
http://www.efcf.com/

Conference

Conference13th EUROPEAN SOFC & SOE FORUM
Number13
LocationKultur- und Kongresszentrum Luzern
CountrySwitzerland
CityLucerne
Period03/07/201806/07/2018
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Special Issue: 13th European SOFC & SOE Forum

Keywords

  • Fuel Cell
  • Fuel Cell Application
  • LCA
  • Micro Combined Heat and Power
  • PEMFC
  • SOFC

Cite this

R. Nielsen, E., Prag, C. B., Bachmann, T. M., Carnicell, F., Boyd, E., Walke, I., ... Stephens, A. (2019). Status on Demonstration of Fuel Cell Based Micro-CHP Units in Europe. Fuel Cells, 19(4), 340-345. https://doi.org/10.1002/fuce.201800189
R. Nielsen, E. ; Prag, C. B. ; Bachmann, T. M. ; Carnicell, F. ; Boyd, E. ; Walke, I. ; Ruf, L. ; Stephens, A. / Status on Demonstration of Fuel Cell Based Micro-CHP Units in Europe. In: Fuel Cells. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 4. pp. 340-345.
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title = "Status on Demonstration of Fuel Cell Based Micro-CHP Units in Europe",
abstract = "Micro combined heat and power (micro‐CHP) systems can efficiently provide private homes or small commercial buildings with both heat and electricity. The European industry is ramping up demonstration of fuel cell based micro‐CHP units in the EU projects ene.field and PACE. Systems based on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) have been demonstrated.More than 1,000 units have been tested in 10 European countries in the years 2012–2017. In the coming 5 years, additionally 2,500 units will be deployed via the EU funded program PACE. These field trials have been accompanied by analyses of end‐user satisfaction, environmental impact, and costs involved.The end‐users participating in the field trials had a very positive perception of the fuel cell micro‐CHP technology. The environmental impact of fuel cell micro‐CHP was compared to that of heat pumps and gas condensing boilers in a life cycle assessment (LCA). The micro‐CHP units have a better environmental performance than these competing technologies in all the analyzed use‐cases.Today, the capital costs of fuel cell based micro‐CHP are significantly higher than that of traditional heating technologies. However, as serial production begins, economies of scale will cause the costs to drop substantially and the micro‐CHP can become economically competitive.",
keywords = "Fuel Cell, Fuel Cell Application, LCA, Micro Combined Heat and Power, PEMFC, SOFC",
author = "{R. Nielsen}, E. and Prag, {C. B.} and Bachmann, {T. M.} and F. Carnicell and E. Boyd and I. Walke and L. Ruf and A. Stephens",
note = "Special Issue: 13th European SOFC & SOE Forum",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1002/fuce.201800189",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "340--345",
journal = "Fuel Cells",
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R. Nielsen, E, Prag, CB, Bachmann, TM, Carnicell, F, Boyd, E, Walke, I, Ruf, L & Stephens, A 2019, 'Status on Demonstration of Fuel Cell Based Micro-CHP Units in Europe', Fuel Cells, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 340-345. https://doi.org/10.1002/fuce.201800189

Status on Demonstration of Fuel Cell Based Micro-CHP Units in Europe. / R. Nielsen, E.; Prag, C. B.; Bachmann, T. M. ; Carnicell, F.; Boyd, E.; Walke, I.; Ruf, L.; Stephens, A.

In: Fuel Cells, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2019, p. 340-345.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Status on Demonstration of Fuel Cell Based Micro-CHP Units in Europe

AU - R. Nielsen, E.

AU - Prag, C. B.

AU - Bachmann, T. M.

AU - Carnicell, F.

AU - Boyd, E.

AU - Walke, I.

AU - Ruf, L.

AU - Stephens, A.

N1 - Special Issue: 13th European SOFC & SOE Forum

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Micro combined heat and power (micro‐CHP) systems can efficiently provide private homes or small commercial buildings with both heat and electricity. The European industry is ramping up demonstration of fuel cell based micro‐CHP units in the EU projects ene.field and PACE. Systems based on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) have been demonstrated.More than 1,000 units have been tested in 10 European countries in the years 2012–2017. In the coming 5 years, additionally 2,500 units will be deployed via the EU funded program PACE. These field trials have been accompanied by analyses of end‐user satisfaction, environmental impact, and costs involved.The end‐users participating in the field trials had a very positive perception of the fuel cell micro‐CHP technology. The environmental impact of fuel cell micro‐CHP was compared to that of heat pumps and gas condensing boilers in a life cycle assessment (LCA). The micro‐CHP units have a better environmental performance than these competing technologies in all the analyzed use‐cases.Today, the capital costs of fuel cell based micro‐CHP are significantly higher than that of traditional heating technologies. However, as serial production begins, economies of scale will cause the costs to drop substantially and the micro‐CHP can become economically competitive.

AB - Micro combined heat and power (micro‐CHP) systems can efficiently provide private homes or small commercial buildings with both heat and electricity. The European industry is ramping up demonstration of fuel cell based micro‐CHP units in the EU projects ene.field and PACE. Systems based on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) have been demonstrated.More than 1,000 units have been tested in 10 European countries in the years 2012–2017. In the coming 5 years, additionally 2,500 units will be deployed via the EU funded program PACE. These field trials have been accompanied by analyses of end‐user satisfaction, environmental impact, and costs involved.The end‐users participating in the field trials had a very positive perception of the fuel cell micro‐CHP technology. The environmental impact of fuel cell micro‐CHP was compared to that of heat pumps and gas condensing boilers in a life cycle assessment (LCA). The micro‐CHP units have a better environmental performance than these competing technologies in all the analyzed use‐cases.Today, the capital costs of fuel cell based micro‐CHP are significantly higher than that of traditional heating technologies. However, as serial production begins, economies of scale will cause the costs to drop substantially and the micro‐CHP can become economically competitive.

KW - Fuel Cell

KW - Fuel Cell Application

KW - LCA

KW - Micro Combined Heat and Power

KW - PEMFC

KW - SOFC

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DO - 10.1002/fuce.201800189

M3 - Conference article

VL - 19

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EP - 345

JO - Fuel Cells

JF - Fuel Cells

SN - 1615-6846

IS - 4

ER -