Statistical Evidence on the Role of Energy Cooperatives for the Energy Transition in European Countries

August Wierling*, Valeria Schwanitz, Jan Zeiß, Celine Bout, Chiara Candelise, Winston Gilcrease, Jay Sterling Gregg

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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    The share of renewable energy is increasing throughout Europe. Yet, little is known about how much can be attributed to different actors, other than those commercially active. This paper provides empirical evidence of activities by energy cooperatives in the field of renewable energy in four different European countries. It draws from a database consisting of 2671 entries, contrasting results from current literature. We find that energy cooperatives are important enablers of the energy transition. However, their role is shrinking in recent years due to a tightening or removal of supportive schemes. We conclude that it is necessary to develop a systematic accounting system to properly track and make visible the contributions by different actors. In turn, this will help to better model the likely speed of Europe’s energy transition.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number3339
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


    • energy cooperatives
    • cooperatives
    • community energy
    • energy transition
    • transition
    • social innovation
    • local actors
    • renewable energy
    • renewable
    • sustainability
    • Environmental effects of industries and plants
    • TD194-195
    • Renewable energy sources
    • TJ807-830
    • Environmental sciences
    • GE1-350


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