State of the art report on design for X

Apostolos Papanikolaou, Poul Andersen, Hans Otto Holmegaard Kristensen, Kai Levander, Kai Riska, David Singer, Thomas a. McKenny, Dracos Vassalos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The present State of the Art report aims at defining and reviewing the curent state of the ship design process in the frame of a holistic approach, accounting for various objectives and constraints. The report addresses mainly the design of transportation carriers, though some covered aspects are also relevant to other ship types and floating devices. Design for X is herein defined as the optimization of a ship with respect to specific important performance indicators and properties, like design for safety, design for efficiency, design for arctic operations and design for production. The concept of Design for Safety was introduced and briefly demonstrated on the basis of the design of the largest cruise vessel ever built. The Design for Efficiency of Performance was revieved with particular emphasis on recent discussions about fuel savings and the reduction of air emissions in maritime transport. Developments in the Design of ships for Arctic Operations were presented, responding to recent increased maritime transport needs in arctic areas. Finally, recent developemnts in the design for Production were presented, which is critical to achieving globally competitive shipbuilding business.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Marine Design Conference
EditorsStein Ove Erikstad
Number of pages1122
PublisherTAPIR Akademisk Forlag
Publication date2009
ISBN (Print)978-82-519-2438-2
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventInternational Marine Design Conference - Trondheim
Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …
Conference number: 10


ConferenceInternational Marine Design Conference
Period01/01/2009 → …


  • holistic ship design
  • design for production
  • design for arctic operations
  • design for efficiency of performance
  • design for safety


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