Stabilization of dhurrin biosynthetic enzymes from Sorghum bicolor using a natural deep eutectic solvent

Camilla Knudsen, Krutika Bavishi, Ketil Mathiasen Viborg, Damian Paul Drew, Henrik Toft Simonsen, Mohammed Saddik Motawia, Birger Lindberg Møller, Tomas Laursen

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In recent years, ionic liquids and deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have gained increasing attention due to their ability to extract and solubilize metabolites and biopolymers in quantities far beyond their solubility in oil and water. The hypothesis that naturally occurring metabolites are able to form a natural deep eutectic solvent (NADES), thereby constituting a third intracellular phase in addition to the aqueous and lipid phases, has prompted researchers to study the role of NADES in living systems. As an excellent solvent for specialized metabolites, formation of NADES in response to dehydration of plant cells could provide an appropriate environment for the functional storage of enzymes during drought. Using the enzymes catalyzing the biosynthesis of the defense compound dhurrin as an experimental model system, we demonstrate that enzymes involved in this pathway exhibit increased stability in NADES compared with aqueous buffer solutions, and that enzyme activity is restored upon rehydration. Inspired by nature, application of NADES provides a biotechnological approach for long-term storage of entire biosynthetic pathways including membrane-anchored enzymes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112214
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Sorghumbicolor (L.) Moench
  • Poaceae
  • Natural deep eutectic solvents
  • Metabolons
  • Cytochromes P450
  • Specialized metabolites
  • Liquid-liquid phase separation

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