Split-plot fractional designs: Is minimum aberration enough?

Murat Kulahci, Jose Ramirez, Randy Tobias

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Split-plot experiments are commonly used in industry for product and process improvement. Recent articles on designing split-plot experiments concentrate on minimum aberration as the design criterion. Minimum aberration has been criticized as a design criterion for completely randomized fractional factorial design and alternative criteria, such as the maximum number of clear two-factor interactions, are suggested (Wu and Hamada (2000)). The need for alternatives to minimum aberration is even more acute for split-plot designs. In a standard split-plot design, there are several types of two-factor interactions, not all of them equally interesting. However, minimum aberration is not designed to distinguish among the different types of two-factor interactions. It should be noted that this criticism is valid not only for the minimum aberration but also for any other design criteria originally proposed for completely randomized designs. Consequently, we provide a modified version of the maximum number of clear two-factor interactions design criterion to be used for split-plot designs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Quality Technology
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)56-64
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Design criterion
  • Restriction on randomization
  • Robust design
  • Sequential processes


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