Spin correlations in Ho2Ti2O7: A dipolar spin ice system

S.T. Bramwell, M.J. Harris, B.C. den Hertog, M.J.P. Gingras, J.S. Gardner, D.F. McMorrow, A.R. Wildes, A.L. Cornelius, J.D.M. Champion, R.G. Melko, T. Fennell

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The pyrochlore material Ho(2)Ti(2)O(7) has been suggested to show "spin ice" behavior. We present neutron scattering and specific heat results that establish unambiguously that Ho(2)Ti(2)O(7) exhibits spin ice correlations at low temperature. Diffuse magnetic neutron scattering is quite well described by a nearest neighbor spin ice model and very accurately described by a dipolar spin ice model. The heat capacity is well accounted for by the sum of a dipolar spin ice contribution and an expected nuclear spin contribution, known to exist in other Ho(3+) salts. These results settle the question of the nature of the low temperature spin correlations in Ho(2)Ti(2)O(7) for which contradictory claims have been made.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume87
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)047205.1-047205.4
    ISSN0031-9007
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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