Spectrally pure heralded single photons by spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber: reducing impact of dispersion fluctuations

Jacob Gade Koefoed, Søren Michael Mørk Friis, Jesper Bjerge Christensen, Karsten Rottwitt

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Abstract

We model the spectral quantum-mechanical purity of heralded single photons from a photon-pair source based on nondegenerate spontaneous four-wave mixing taking the impact of distributed dispersion fluctuations into account. The considered photon-pair-generation scheme utilizes pump-pulse walk-off to produce pure heralded photons and phase matching is achieved through the dispersion properties of distinct spatial modes in a few-mode silica step-index fiber. We show that fiber-core-radius fluctuations in general severely impact the single-photon purity. Furthermore, by optimizing the fiber design we show that generation of single photons with very high spectral purity is feasible even in the presence of large core-radius fluctuations. At the same time, contamination from spontaneous Raman scattering is greatly mitigated by separating the single-photon frequency by more than 32 THz from the pump frequency. (C) 2017 Optical Society of America
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Express
Volume25
Issue number17
Pages (from-to)20835-20849
ISSN1094-4087
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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